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On This Day

June 06 1984 1,200 die in Sikh "Golden Temple" uprising India 1985 Body of Nazi criminal, Dr Josef Mengele located & exhumed 1985 Chris Evert wins a grand slam title for 13th straight year (French) 1985 Soyuz T-13 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station 1986 Kathy Ormsby, a 21-year-old member of the NC State track team jumps off a bridge permanently paralyzing herself 1987 NY Yankees play their 13,000th game 1988 George Bush makes campaign promise to support reparations for WW II Japanese-American internees (promise broken, May 1989) 1989 Mets turn their 1st triple play in 7 years but lose to Cubs 8-4 1991 Dana Plato receives 6 yr suspended sentence for robbing a video store 1992 2nd WLAF World Bowl 2012 Transit of Venus (between Earth & Sun) occurs
June 05 1984 Indira Gandhi orders attack on Sikh's holiest site (Golden Temple) 1987 "Nightline" presents it's 1st "Town Meeting" the subject is AIDS & the show runs until 3:47 AM 1989 Billy Smith, last original NY Islander, retires 1989 Paul McCartney releases "Flowers in the Dirt" 1989 Toronto Blue Jays Skydome stadium opens, Mil Brewers win 5-3 1991 Space Shuttle STS 40 (Columbia 12) launched 8239 -BC- presumed origin of Mayan Era of Creation
June 04 1982 Israel attacks targets in south Lebanon 1984 Bruce Springsteen releases "Born in the USA" 1985 STS 51-G vehicle moves to the launch pad 1985 Supreme Court strikes down Alabama "moment of silence" law 1986 Jonathan Pollard, spy for Israel, pleads guilty in US court 1987 Danny Harris beats Edwin Moses, ends streak of 122 cons hurdle wins 1988 Longest game in Balt Memorial Stadium (5:46) 14 inn (beat NY 7-6) 1989 Beijing cop shoots & wounds Chinese priemer Li Ping 1989 Eastern Europe's 1st somewhat free election in 40 years held in Poland 1989 Largest parade in Bronx history honors 350th anniversary 1989 Red Sox lead Blue Jays 10-0 in 7th, but lose 12-11 in 12 for Blue Jays 12th consecutive victory at Fenway 1990 Greyhound Bus files bankruptcy 1990 NY Telephone company announces that it wants Bronx areacode 917
June 03 1981 Pope John Paul II released from hospital after attempt on life 1984 Patty Shoehan wins LPGA by a record 10 strokes 1986 E F Helin discovers asteroid #3767 1987 Cubs & Astro tie Oriole & Ranger record of 3 grand slams in a game 1988 Margo Adams sues Red Sox 3rd baseman Wade Boggs for palimony 1989 Chinese troops kill hundred of pro-democracy students in Beijing 1989 Country singer Rebe McEntire weds her manager Narvel Blackstone 1989 Houston Astros beat LA Dodgers, 5-4, in 22 innings (7:14:09) 1989 Troops in China shoot & kill 100s of students demonstrating for democracy in Tiananmen Square, Beijing 1991 Mount Unzen erupts in Japan. Worst eruption in Japanese history
June 02 1899 Black Americans observed day of fasting to protest lynchings 1902 2nd statewide initiative & referendum law adopted, in Oregon 1903 Pirates win a triple header from the Dodgers 1910 1st roundtrip flight over the English Channel (C.S. Rolls, England) 1910 Pygmies discovered in Dutch New Guinea 1913 1st strike settlement mediated by US Dep't of Labor-RR clerks 1914 Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome 1922 Suffy McInnis (1st base) ends an errorless string of 1,700 chances
June 01 1980 Barbra Striesand appears at an ACLU Benefit in Calif 1980 H Debehogne discovers asteroids #2543 Machado & #3411 1980 Ted Turner's Cable News Network begins broadcasting 1984 KWK-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KGLD 1984 Weightlifter Alexander Gunyashev of USSR snatches a record 211 kg 1990 Detroit Pistons beat Trailblazers in Portland for 1st time since 1974 1990 Dow Jones Avg hits a record high of 2,900.97 1990 The Cowboy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting 1991 Mount Pinatubo (Phillipines) erupts for 1st time in 600 years
May 31 0070 Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem 1417 Jacoba van Bavarian becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen 1495 Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League 1531 "Women's Revolt" in Amsterdam: wool house in churchyard aborted 1564 Battle on Gotland: Lübeck & Denmark beat Sweden 1621 Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night 1634 US colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony 1659 Netherlands, England & France sign Treaty of The Hague 1665 Jerusalem's rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah 1678 Lady Godiva rides naked through Coventry in a protest of taxes 1696 John Salomonsz elected chief of Saint-Eustatius 1727 France, England & Netherlands sign accord of Paris 1744 French troops conquer Kortrijk 1790 US copyright law enacted 1821 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore 1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope 1837 Astor Hotel (most elaborate in US) opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria 1847 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens 1849 Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye" 1853 Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves New York aboard the Advance 1859 Philadelphia A's organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later 1861 General Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line 1861 Mint at New Orleans closes
May 30 1858 Hudson Bay Company's rights to Vancouver Island revoked 1862 Battle of Booneville MS - captured General Beauregard evacuates Corinth MS 1862 Battle of Front Royal VA 1864 Battle of Bethesda Church VA 1864 Cavalry fight at Old Church (Totopotomoy Creek) VA 1866 The opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague) 1868 Memorial Day 1st observed when 2 women in Columbus MS placed flowers on both Confederate & Union graves 1872 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy 1879 92º F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland OH in May 1879 Gilmore Garden (NYC) renamed Madison Square Garden 1883 Rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse caused a stampede that kills 12 1889 The brassiere is invented
May 29 1965 Phillies Dick Allen hits 529' homerun out of Connie Mack Stadium 1966 Carol Mann wins LPGA Baton Rouge Ladies Golf Invitational 1967 Australian Paul McManus waterskis barefoot for 1:30:19 1967 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals, including Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow, who later became Pope John Paul II 1968 Manchester United become the first English team to win European Championship soccer tournament beating Benfica of Portugal 4-1 at Wembley after an added 30 minutes 1968 Truth in Lending Act signed into law 1968 UN resolves sanctions on white-minority-ruled Rhodesia 1969 Britain's Trans-Arctic expedition makes 1st crossing of Arctic Sea ice 1970 USSR performs nuclear test (underground) 1971 "Court Room" by Clarence Carter hits #61 1972 Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship 1973 Columbia Records fires president Clive Davis for misappropriating $100,000 in funds, Davis will start Arista records 1973 Thomas Bradley elected 1st black mayor of Los Angeles CA 1974 Northern Ireland is brought under direct rule from Westminster
May 28 0585 -BC- Thales Miletus predicts solar eclispe Persian-Lydian battle ends 0640 Severinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope (elected in 638) 1037 German emperor Koenraad II removes "Constitutio the Feudis" 1156 Battle at Brindisi: King Willem of Sicily beats Byzantine fleet 1349 60 Jews murdered in Breslau Silesia 1358 Daint-Leu at Oise begins French boer uprising 1521 Pope Leo X signs treaty with German emperor Charles V 1533 England's archbishop voids King Henry VIII & Anne Boleyn's marriage 1539 Hernando de Soto lands in Florida 1608 Claudio Monteverdi's "Arianna" premieres in Mantua 1635 Zorilla's "El Desafio de Carlos V" premieres in Madrid 1664 1st Baptist Church is organized (Boston) 1674 German Parliament declares war on France 1731 All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated 1741 Spain & Bavaria sign treaty
May 27 1938 Bradman scores his 1000th cricket run of England season, earliest to do so 1940 British & French begin evacuation of Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo) 1941 Allied troops begin evacuating Kreta 1941 FDR proclaimes an "unlimited national emergency" due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor 1941 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force 1942 Dorie Miller, awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor 1942 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechoslovakians murdered 1942 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim 1942 Top German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich is shot & mortally wounded in Prague 1943 French defiance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris 1943 US forbids racial discrimination in war industry 1944 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks) 1944 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China 1944 Jean-Paul Sartre's "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris France 1948 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid 1948 Hank Greenberg buys an interest in the Cleveland Indians
May 26 1942 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London 1942 Belgian Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star 1942 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: African corps vs British army 1943 1st president of a black country to visit US (Edwin Barclay, Liberia) 1943 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam 1943 Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa 1944 82nd Airborne division D-day-landing at La Haye du Puits to Ste Mère Eglise 1945 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo 1946 2-for-42 & hitting .048 for 1946, Mel Ott stops playing baseball 1946 Darius Milhauds 3rd Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Prague 1946 Klement Gottwald becomes premier of Czechoslovakia 1946 Patent filed in US for H-Bomb 1948 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers 1948 South Africa elects a nationalist government with apartheid policy 1951 Vaughan Williams "Pilgrim's Progress" premieres in London 1953 Dutch Convair crashes at Schipholweg, 2 die 1955 "7th Heaven" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 44 performances 1955 Conservatives win British parliamentary election 1955 Khrushchev arrives in Belgrade 1956 Aircraft carrier "Bennington" burns off Rhode Island, killing
May 25 1989 Mikhail Gorbachev elected Executive President in the Soviet Union 1989 Stanley Cup: Calgary Flames beat Montréal Canadiens, 4 games to 2 1989 Weird Al Yankovic records "She Drives Like Crazy" 1991 "People Are Still Having Sex" by LaTour hits #35 1991 Israel evacuates 14,000 Ethiopian Jews 1991 Stanley Cup: Pittsburgh Penguins beat Minnesota North Stars, 4 games to 2 1992 Jay Leno becomes permanent host of "The Tonight Show" 1992 New York Yankees score 9 runs before 1st out in 8th inning, beat Milwaukee Brewers 13-7 1992 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro elected President of Italy 1994 Emmy 21st Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci not nominated 1996 Jennifer Maria Holsten, 18, crowned Miss Filipino-American 1997 Bell Atlantic Senior Golf Classic 1997 David Frost wins Golf's Colonial Final in Fort Worth TX 1997 Minnesota Twins retire Kirby Puckett's uniform # 1997 Rosie Jones wins LPGA Corning Classic 1997 Todd & Mel Stottlemyre become 1st father & son to win 100 games
May 24 1086 Abbott Dauferio/Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III 1153 Malcolm IV becomes king of Scotland 1300 King Philip IV occupies Flanders, Earl Gwijde captured 1370 Hanzesteden signs peace treaty with Danish king Waldemar IV 1487 Imposter Lambert Simnel ceremony crowned as King Edward VI of Dublin 1626 Peter Minuit buys Manhattan from Indians for trinkets, valued at $24 1653 German Parliament selects Ferdinand II king of Austria 1658 Battle of Dunes (Spanish-French War) fought 1660 English king Charles II visits Netherlands 1667 French troops attack into Southern Netherlands 1689 English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants 1697 English king Willem III travels through northern Europe 1726 People's revolt due to increase in gin/brandy tax 1738 Methodist Church is established
May 23 1991 Last Cubans troops leave Angola 1991 Phillie Tommy Greene no-hits Montréal Expos, 2-0 1991 San Diego Sockers win 4th consecutive Major Soccer League championship 1991 US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion 1992 New York Yankees play in their 4th straight extra inning game 1992 President Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees
May 22 1992 India launches its Agni rocket
May 21 1994 South Yemen secedes from Yemen 1994 Sushmita Sen, 18, of India, crowned 43rd Miss Universe
May 20 1992 India launches its 1st satellite independently 1992 Rap singer raps 597 syllables in 55.12 seconds 1993 10 meter meteor comes within 150,000 km of Earth (1993KA)
May 19 1900 Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago . 1902 Great Britain & Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria . 1964 US diplomats find at least 40 secret microphones in the Moscow embassy .
May 18 1096 Crusaders massacre Jews of Worm . 1291 Sultan of Egypt & his son take last Christian stronghold of Acre.1953 1st woman to break the sound barrier (Jacqueline Cochrane, USA) 1954 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect . 1955 28.7 cm rain falls at Lake Maloya NM (state record) .
May 17 1756 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French & Indian War) 1787 English slave ship Sisters, from Africa to Cuba, capsizes. 1792 24 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street. 1794 Hard frost in southern New England .1910 Canada sets the designs for the 1¢-50¢ coins
May 16 1606 2,000 foreigners murdered in Russia.1881 World's 1st elec tram goes into service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin) .1991 Queen Elizabeth becomes 1st British monarch to address US congress.
May 15 1964 Sporting Portugal wins 4th Europe Cup II at Antwerp. 1964 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site .1995 China People's Republic performs nuclear test at Lop Nor People's Rebublic of China
May 14 1702 England & Netherlands declares war on France & Spain . 1702 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw.1910 Canada authorizes issuing of silver dollar coins .1941 3,600 Parisian Jews arrested .
May 13 1835 1st foreign embassy in Hawaii is established .1888 Brazil abolishes slavery .
May 12 1941 Great British convoy marches into Alexandria 1942 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz 1942 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine 1942 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River 1942 Russia occupies Crackow, until August 23, 1943 . 1943 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in US . 1943 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender .
May 11 1942 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa.1967 100,000,000th US phone connected .
May 10 1503 Columbus discovers Cayman Islands . 1857 Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys of Meerutkazerne, Delhi .
May 09 1987 183 die aboard a Polish jetliner that crashes in Warsaw
May 08 1794 US Post Office established
May 07 1832 Greece becomes independent republic . 1832 Otto of Bavaria is chosen king of Greece .1954 US, Great-Britain & France reject Russian membership in NATO
May 06 1943 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis .1981 US expels Libyan diplomats
May 05 1955 Indies parliament accept hindu-divorce .1944 Gandhi freed from prison
May 04 1494 Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica . 1846 US state of Michigan ends death penalty . 1979 1st woman prime minister of Great Britain (Margaret Thatcher)
May 03 1455 Jews flee Spain . 1845 Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton China . 1846 Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas . 1851 Most of San Fransisco destroyed by fire; 30 die
May 02 1878 US stops minting 20¢ coin . 1926 US military intervenes in Nicaragua .
May 01 1908 World's most intense rain shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo Panamá .1927 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)
Apr 30 1955 Imperial Bank of India nationalized .1980 Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
Apr 28 1848 Free last slaves in French colonies .1967 Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army & stripped of boxing title .1989 Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie
Apr 27 1526 Mogol King Babur beats sultan of Delhi , 1937 US Social Security system makes its 1st benefit payment ,1974 Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107
Apr 25 1898 US declares war on Spain over Cuba Apr 25 1954 Bell labs announces 1st solar battery (New York NY) Apr 25 1975 West German embassy blown-up in Stockholm Sweden
Apr 24 1980 US military operation to save 52 hostages in Iran, fails, 8 die
Apr 18 1853 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
Apr 17 1983 India entered space age launching SLV-3 rocket
1933 1st airplane flight over Mount Everest
1972 - Britain assumed direct rule over Northern Ireland
May 15/1991 Ontario - Angry independent truckers close down 20 km of Highway 401 near Toronto; cause huge traffic jams. 15 May 1980 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa agrees to extend natural gas pipeline from Montreal to Quebec City. 15-May-1873 The proposal to dis
May 12/1992 Montreal Quebec - Canadas largest charter airline, Nationair, declares bankruptcy.
May 09/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa and the provinces unveil a 5 year $100 million plan to combat ground-level ozone, a harmful component of city smog.
May 08/1987 BIRTH OF THE LOONIE Ottawa Ontario - Royal Canadian Mint unveils one-dollar coin to replace the paper dollar; made of nickel, copper and recycled tin, the loonie has a loon engraved on its rear side.
May 07/1988 Moncton NB - Mila Mulroney struck in the stomach by a placard during a labor rally outside a Tory gathering; a man is arrested but no charges are laid.
May 05/1992 Calgary Alberta - William Hopper says Petro-Canada to lay off 1,200 employees by end of 1993; company lost $598 m in 1991; largest corporate loss in the history of Canada
May 03/1991 Charlottetown PEI - Brian Mulroney 1939- promises 500-job GST processing centre for Summerside to help community hard hit by closing of Canadian Forces Base.
May 02/1962 Ottawa Ontario - Canadian dollar officially pegged at US 92.5¢. 2-May-1907 Riots break out in Rawalpindi and East Bengal, spreading to the Punjab .2-May-1930 Riots break out in Amritsar.
May 01/1987 London England - British Customs seizes Air Canada jet at Heathrow Airport after discovering a major hashish shipment from India; plane released after Air Canada pays substantial fine.
Apr 30/1970 Vancouver BC - First computer-controlled CP Rail coal train reaches Roberts Bank from mines in Alberta. 1950 Edmonton Alberta - Construction starts on $95 million Interprovincial Pipeline to carry oil from Alberta to the Lakehead.
Apr 29/1995 Kitchener Ontario - Butchers finish making the worlds longest sausage, with a length of 28.77 miles. 29-April-1639 Delhis Red fort construction commenced by laying the Foundation Stone by Shah Jahan. This fort was completed on May 13, 1646. 29
28-April-1701 John Norris of Britain met Aurangjeb at Parnela in South India. 28-April-1952 The war between Japan and India ended.
Apr 25/1940 Quebec City - Quebec women allowed to vote and run for office in provincial elections, 22 years after women were granted the federal vote. 1867 Tokyo is opened for foreign trade.1933 US & Canada drop Gold Standard .1976 India all out for 97 vs
Apr 24/1985 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court of Canada ruling allows Sunday shopping in most provinces. 1952 Sarnia Ontario - First shipment of oil from Alberta arrives in Ontario by pipeline and lake freighter. 24-April-1929 First non-stop flight from Engl
Apr 22/1980 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa to boycott 1980 Summer Olympic Games in Moscow, to protest Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. 1864 US mints 2¢ coin .1st appearance of In God We Trust .1931 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty .1969 1st human eye transplant per
Apr 18/1967 Winnipeg Manitoba - Manitoba imposes 5% sales tax, effective June 1.
Apr 17/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Monique Landry promises Iran $6.5 million to help Kurdish refugees; total Canadian relief of $16.6 million added to $2 million for Turkish camps. 1974 Regina Saskatchewan - Saskatchewan to provide free prescription drugs to pr
Apr 14/1997 Ottawa Ontario - Quebec City lawyer Guy Bertrand places his petition asking for a ruling on the legality of Quebec separation before the Supreme Court of Canada. 1980 Ottawa Ontario - Opening of first session of the 32nd Parliament; until July
Apr 13/1972 Ottawa Ontario -US President Richard Nixon starts two-day visit to Canada; signs Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. 13-April-1699 Khalsa Panth established. 13-April-1796 The first elephant was brought to America from Bengal, India.
10-April-1875 Swami Dayanand Saraswati established the Arya Samaj at Bombay and in 1877 in Lahore. 10-April-1930 Police raid the headquarters of the Indian National Congress, Bombay. 10-April-1993 Student hijackers of IA plane overpowered in Lucknow. 10-A
9-April-1783 Tipu Sultan drives out English from Bednoor, India. 9-April-1965 Fighting breaks out in the Rann of Kutch between Indian and Pakistani troops. Pakistan attacked Indian borders, Sardar Post, Chhar Bet and Beria Bet, this was manned by the Stat
Apr 09/1987 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court of Canada rules that the right to strike is not guaranteed by the constitution.
8-April-1759 British troops chase French out of Masulipatam, India .8-April-1923 Plague in India killed 1,000 in past week. 8-April-1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs on the Assembly Hall. 8-April-1950 Nehru and Ali Khan sign the Indo-
Apr 07/1989 Ottawa Ontario - Gunman hijacks bus near Montreal and drives it to Parliament Hill, disarmed by police. 7-April-1920 Ravi Shankar Bhattacharya, renowned Sitar player (Sounds of India)was born in Banaras, India.
6-April-1606 Khusru Prince and his father Jahangir rebelled and fled from Agra. 6-April-1968 Indira Gandhi,PM, inaugurated the construction of Bokaro Steel Plant. 6-April-2000 The Government permits use of LPG as auto fuel.
Apr 05/1966 China - Canada signs three-year deal to sell $550 million worth of wheat to China.
Apr 04/1917 Victoria BC - British Columbia gives women the provincial vote. 1893 Toronto Ontario - Opening of the new Ontario Legislature in Queens Park .1899 South Africa all out 35 vs England.1905 Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 370,000 .
Apr 03/1930 Stanley Cup Montréal Canadiens sweep Boston Bruins in 2 games
Mar 27/1924 Ottawa Ontario - Canada recognizes the U.S.S.R. 1790 The shoelace invented . 1941 Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years . 1982 Imran takes 14-116 for cricket match vs Sri Lanka at Lahore
26-March-1931 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies. 1942 Indira Gandhi, third Prime Minister of India, was married to Feroze Gandhi.
Mar 26/1995 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa passes legislation ordering 30,000 striking railway employees back to work, ending nation-wide week of chaos for travellers, commuters and shippers.
Mar 25/1668 1st horse race in America takes place .1996 Canada - Jean Chrétiens Liberal Party wins 5 federal bye-elections, the Bloc Quebecois 1.1895 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia) .1969 Pakistan General Agha Mohammed Jagja Khan succeeds Ayub
Mar 24/1975 Ottawa Ontario - Parliament passes act making the beaver the official symbol of Canada.
Mar 21/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court rules 9-0 that fetus not legal person; no guarantee to life under Criminal Code; upholds BC Court of Appeal ruling.
Mar 20/1939 Brian Mulroney 1939- lawyer, politician, born in Baie Comeau, Quebec.20-March-1920 Usha Mehta, freedom fighter, was born at Satara. Her name is closely attached with freedom movement via Bombay Radio .20-March-1977 General Election (6th) of I
Nar 18/1892 LORD STANLEY DONATES A CUP Montreal Quebec - Former Governor General Lord Stanley says he will donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best hockey team in Canada; originally presented to amateur champions; aw
Mar 15/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Solicitor General Pierre Cadieux announces that Sikhs in the RCMP can wear turbans and other religious garb while in uniform.
Mar 12/1496 Jews are expelled from Syria .1609 Bermuda becomes an English colony .1755 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine.1789 US Post Office established .1799 Austria declares war on France.1938 Nazi Germany invades Austria.
11-March-1971 Indira Gandhi wins majority in Parliament. 11-March-1990 Darbarsingh, former Chief Minister of Punjab, passed away.
Mar 11/1992 Ottawa Ontario - Environment Canada starts issuing weekly ozone warnings.1981 Ottawa Ontario - US President Ronald Reagan visits Ottawa; US agrees to ease social security eligibility claims, for those who have worked in both countries.11-Mar
Mar 10/1624 England declares war on Spain
Mar 10/1934 Toronto Ontario - Toronto Maple Leafs achieve longest undefeated streak in their history, winning or tying 18 games in a row.
9-March-1500 Pedro Cabral departs from Pourtugol with 13 ships to India. 9-March-1966 India yields to Sikh demand for Punjab-speaking state
Mar 07/1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone
Mar 05/1945 San Francisco California - US, China, Soviet Union and Britain invite Canada to attend founding United Nations Conference.
Mar 04/1982 WILSON FIRST WOMAN ON THE SUPREME COURT Ottawa Ontario - Bertha Wilson 1933- appointed first woman to sit on Supreme Court of Canada; Ontario Court of Appeal Justice; resigned Jan, 1991
Mar 03/1964 Ottawa Ontario - Parliament approves change of name of Trans-Canada Air Lines to Air Canada; to take effect January 1, 1965.
Mar 03/1982 Ottawa Ontario - Statistics Canada confirms that Canada entered a recession in 1982.
Mar 02/1976 Toronto Ontario - Time magazine puts out last Canadian edition; loses advertising after Ottawa changes tax laws.
Mar 01/1995 Toronto Ontario - Real estate developer Bramalea Inc. seeks court protection from its creditors; for the second time in the 1990s.
Feb 29/1944 Myanmar - British and Indian troops, with some Canadians, finally drive the Japanese invaders from Burma
Feb 27/1996 In the Jain hawala case, non bailable warrants of arrest issued against 10 politicians including BJP leader L.K. Advani, former Dy. PM Devi Lal and former Union Ministers.
Feb 27/1991 Iraq - Coalition under US General Norman Schwarzkopf proclaims victory over Iraq in the six-week Gulf War; Canadian troops start to return home after combat operations cease; Canada sent a total of 2,400 troops, 26 fighter planes, 3 warships a
Feb 26/1979 Manitoba/Saskatchewan - Total solar eclipse crosses western Canada, casting a moving shadow 250 km wide.
Feb 25/1982 Ottawa Ontario - House of Commons starts inquiry into bank profits, in wake of record interest rates.
Feb 04/1783 Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy),1797 Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 40,000.1976 7.5 earthquake kills 22,778 in Guatemala & Honduras
Feb 03/1947 BBRRRRR!!! Snag Yukon - Thermometers in Snag register -64C (-83F), the lowest temperature recorded in Canada; likely the lowest temperature on record in North America.
Feb 02/1976 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa signs agreements with Newfoundland and PEI to put public employees under the federal AIB - Anti-Inflation Board.
Feb 01/1983 Canada - New channels first available on cable as pay TV launched in Canada; First Choice, Superchannel and C-Channel.
31-January-1963 Peacock declared as National Bird of India.
31-January-1960 Milkha Singh at Lahore sets record for 200m in 20.7s.
31-January-1561 Akbars Vajir-E-Ajam Bairam Khan was assassinated at Patan, Gujarat by an Afghan assassin Mubarak Khan Lohani ( whose father was slain by Bairam Khan) in the battle of Machiwara.
Jan 30/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Finance Minister Michael Wilson gets 7% Goods and Services Tax bill through first reading in the Commons; to start January, 1991. 1975 Toronto Ontario - Ontario starts Wintario lottery to raise money for recreation and cult
Jan 29/1996 Quebec Quebec - Lucien Bouchard sworn in as Premier of Quebec; former Bloc Quebecois Leader replaces Jacques Parizeau.
Jan 28/28-January-1846 British forcibly separate Kashmir from the Sikhs and sell it to the Maharaja of Jammu for 1,000,000 pounds after the Battle of Allwal.
Jan 27/1994 Ottawa Ontario - Toronto area MP Jag Bhaduria quits the Liberal caucus to sit as an independent, after it was revealed he had falsified his academic background.
Jan 26/1950 India becomes a republic ceasing to be a British dominion
25-January-1914 Gandhi reaches agreement with South African Union govt. on treatment of Indian nationals at South Africa. 25-January-1995 India and South Africa sign three pacts to forge special ties.
Jan 24/1939 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile
Jan 23/1995 Toronto Ontario - Ontario Court of Appeal acquits Guy-Paul Morin of 1984 sex-slaying of his nine-year-old neighbor, Christine Jessop of Queensville, Ontario; ruling on basis of new DNA evidence.
Jan 22/1874 Canada - Liberal Alexander Mackenzie 1822-1892 defeats John A. Macdonald in the second Canadian general election, 138 seats to 67; of a total 206 seats. Macdonald suffered from the Pacific Scandal revelations.
Jan 21/1992 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court starts review of David Milgaard murder conviction in the death of Saskatoon nursing aide Gail Miller; he will be freed April 16th, after 22 years in jail, when the Court finds a miscarriage of justice.
Jan 18/1896 1st demonstration of an x-ray machine in the US, New York City NY
Jan 17/1917 US pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands 1991 Iraq fires 8 SCUD missiles on Israel - 1st US pilot shot down (Jeffrey Zahn 1995 7.2 earthquake destroys Kobe Japan (5,372 die)
Jan 16/1970 Ottawa Ontario - Cabinet accepts federal policy paper recommendations;.appoints Commission to oversee conversion from Imperial to International (Metric) System of Units.
13-January-1849 Sikhs again lost in Chillianwala in India but British suffered heavy casualties.
13-January-1709 Bahadhur Shah I defeated his brother Kam Bakhsh at Hydrabad as the Mughal Emperor consolidated his position.
12-January-1993 Police firing at 15 places in Bombay; four foreign militants arrested.
Jan 12/1981 Ottawa Ontario - Justice Minister Jean Chretien - rewrites the Charter of Rights in proposed constitutional package, giving the provinces more power.
Jan 11/1972 East-Pakistan becomes independent state of Bangladesh
Jan 10/1839 Tea from India 1st arrives in UK
Jan 10/1993 Oakville Manitoba - 400 Oakville residents return home after three week exile in shelters and motels; as risk from toxic chemicals released in a train derailment.
1997 Seoul Korea - Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien starts visit to South Korea.
Jan 08/1996 Toronto Ontario - Fisheries Minister Brian Tobin announces he is quitting federal politics to run for the job of provincial Liberal leader and Premier of Newfoundland.
Jan 07/1761 Battle at Panipat India Afghan army beats Mahratten
Jan 06/1978 Montreal Quebec - Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada to move head office from Montreal to Toronto.
Jan 05/1982 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa bans hiring skilled foreign workers in several mining, manufacturing and construction sectors; to protect Canadian jobs
Jan 04/1932 British East Indies Viceroy Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru
Jan 03/1802 Sydney Nova Scotia - 300 Scottish Highlanders arrive in Sydney to settle.
Jan 02/1983 JOE CLARK RESIGNS Ottawa Ontario - Joe Clark 1939- resigns as Leader of the Opposition after getting support of only 2/3 of delegates at Winnipeg; Erik Neilsen interim leader; calls leadership convention.
Dec 31/1600 British East India Company chartered 1781 Bank of North America, 1st US bank opens
Dec 30/1988 Ottawa Ontario - The Senate passes the bill approving the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement.
Dec 29/1967 PARLIAMENT VOTES TO END DEATH PENALTY Ottawa Ontario - Parliament drops death penalty for murder, except policemen or prison guards; for five-year trial period.
Dec 26/1862 1st US navy hospital ship enters service
Dec 25/1971 Ottawa Ontario - Justin Pierre Trudeau born; second child born to a Prime Minister while in office; Mary Macdonald the first, in 1869.
Dec 23/1966 Ottawa Ontario - Royal Canadian Mint announces that dimes, quarters and 50-cent pieces will be struck from nickel instead of the more costly silver.
Dec 22/1994.Sardar Joginder Singh Tatla (1924-1994 )passed away in Hydrabad India
Dec 21/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Jean Chrétien becomes Leader of the Opposition. 1788 Sindhia arrested Gulam Qadir and killed him. 1911 Central Bank of India established.
Dec 20/1971 Pakistan President Yahya Khan resigns
Dec 19/1956 Bonn Germany - Canadian and West Germany sign agreement to train 360 West German aircrew in Canada.
Dec 18/1971 Windsor Ontario - Thieves steal over $1 million from Windsor branch of the Royal Bank; 6 arrested several days later.
Dec 17/1992 MULRONEY SIGNS FREE TRADE DEAL Ottawa Ontario - Brian Mulroney 1939- signs North American Free Trade Accord at ceremony on Parliament Hill; George Bush and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari sign in separate ceremonies; deal still mu
Dec 16/1971 Bangladesh (East Pakistan) declares independence from Pakistan
Dec 15/1791 1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
Dec 14/1901 1st table tennis tournament is held at the London Royal Aquarium
Dec 13/1995 Montreal Quebec - New Montreal Forum named the Centre Molson.
Dec 12/1989 Revelstoke BC - CP Rail runs first regular freight train through 14.5 km Mount MacDonald Tunnel, the longest rail tunnel in the Americas.
Dec 10/1987 Montreal Quebec - First death from eating tainted mussels in Montreal.
Dec 07/1941 WAR WITH JAPAN Ottawa Ontario - Canada the first of the Western allies to declare war on Japan, Finland, Hungary, and Rumania; shortly after Japanese bomb US base at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii. US, Britain and other allied countries follow the nex
Dec 06/1921 CANADIAN WOMEN EXERCISE FIRST FEDERAL VOTE
Dec 05 /1987 Montreal Quebec - Hydro-Quebec signs a long-term $7.2 billion supply contract with the state of Vermont.
Dec 03/1917 Ste-Foy, Quebec - First train crosses the new Quebec Bridge.
2-December-1965 Border Security Force came into existence.
Dec 01/1969 Canada - Police forces bring in breathalyzer testing to take blood alcohol levels of suspected impaired drivers.
Nov 30/November-1759 Alamgir was murdered by his minister Imad-ul-Mulk.
Nov 28/1812 BRITISH AND CANADIANS BEAT BACK AMERICANS Fort Erie Ontario - - British and Canadian militia drive back a second American attempt to cross Niagara River at Fort Erie; War of 1812.
27-November-1001 Sultan Mehmud of Ghazni began his first real expedition to India by defeating the Hindu King Jaipal. He won Afghanisthan and Punjab in Peshawar battle. This was the first major Muslim conquest in India.
Nov 27/1975 Ottawa Ontario - National Defence to buy fleet of new long-range patrol aircraft for almost $1 billion; plus modern tanks for European land forces.
Nov 26/If man does find the solution for world peace it will be the most revolutionary reversal of his record we have ever known.
Nov 25/1986 Iran-Contra affair erupts, President Reagan reveals secret arm deal
22-November-1718 Durgadas Rathore, social reformer, died on the banks of the Sipra at Ujjain.
Nov21/1988 Canada - Brian Mulroney 1939- wins federal election with 169 seats to 83 Liberal; 43 NDP; 0 other; ran on a platform of Free Trade with the US.
Nov 21/1989 Moscow Russia - Brian Mulroney 1939- makes an official state visit to the USSR.
Nov 19/1949 Ottawa Ontario - Canadian dollar devalued by l0%.
Nov 17/1992 Ottawa Ontario - Justice Minister Kim Campbell says Ottawa to pay up to 80 victims of brainwashing $100,000 each on compassionate grounds; experiments by Dr. Ewen Cameron at McGill in early 1960s funded by Canada, CIA.
Nov 16/1983 MARGARET CALLS IT QUITS Ottawa Ontario - Margaret Trudeau 1947- files for divorce from Prime Minister Trudeau; granted April 2, 1984.
Nov 15/1977 President Jimmy Carter welcomes Shah of Iran
Nov 14/1849 TORONTO THE CAPITAL OF CANADA Toronto Ontario - Toronto, Upper Canada becomes the new seat of the Union government; after a Tory mob had burned the Montreal Parliament buildings
Nov 13/1990 Montreal Quebec - Montreal invests $15 million to save the Expos baseball team.
12-November-1969 Indira Gandhi, who was expelled from Congress for indiscipline during President elections, made a large split and formed her own Congress Party with Jagjivan Ram as President. The party is recognised as Congress (I).
Nov 12/1975 Toronto Ontario - 8,800 Toronto teachers go on strike at 135 high schools.
Nov 09/1904 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes
Nov 08/1983 Europe - Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- meets leaders of France, Holland, Belgium, West Germany, Britain, and Pope John Paul II; on 3 day European peace mission.
Nov 02/1970 Ottawa Ontario - Canada announces further bans on sale of weapons to South Africa.
Nov 01/1954 India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements
Oct 31/1950 Thunder Bay, Ontario - Completion of 1,770 km oil pipeline from Edmonton to Lake Superior.
29-October-1930 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is sent back to prison for two yearrs following a speech he made at Allahabad the day after his release from jail.
Oct 29/1975 Vancouver BC - Vancouver has one of its greatest one day October rainfalls, as 60.7 mm falls
26-October-1946 27 die as violence between Hindus and Muslims continued in Calcutta.
24-October-1605 Jahangir became the fourth Emperor of Mughal Empire at Agra.
Oct 22/1936 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii
Oct 19/1987 BLACK MONDAY MARKET MELTDOWN Toronto Ontario - The Toronto Stock Exchange follows New York down, as a crashing stock market leads to global financial panic. The TSE 300 Index drops 407 points, and the Dow Jones plunges 508.32 points, or 22.62
Oct 17/1969 Ottawa Ontario - Pierre Elliot Trudeau 1919- introduces the Official Languages Act in Parliament.; legislation will require all federal departments, commissions and agencies to use both English and French in dealings with the public.
Oct 16/1848 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
Oct 15/1992 New Delhi, India - Talwinder Singh Palmar d1992 killed in gun battle with Indian police; prime suspect in 1985 bombing of Air India jet; Sikh militant arrested in 1985 but later released.
14-October-1884 Lala Har Dayal, revolutionary, nationalist and freedom fighter, was born at Delhi. 14 Oct-1989 Election Commission accepted Shiv Sena as a political party.
Oct 13/1943 Italy declares war on former ally Germany
Oct 12/1975 Ottawa Ontario - Canada Post workers go on strike.
11-October-1737 A violent earthquake and cyclone hit Calcutta which claimed 3,00,000 lives.
Oct 11/1968 Washington DC - US pays Canada $52.1 million for BC flood control benefits from Columbia River project
Oct 10/1973 China - Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- starts six-day visit to China, where he meets with Chairman Mao Tse-Tung; first visit by a Canadian Prime Minister.
Oct 09/1990 Montreal Quebec - Air Canada announces layoff of 2,900 employees; blames recession and rising oil prices
Oct 08/1971 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court of Canada rules Indian woman cannot be deprived of Indian status because of marriage to non-Indian; under the Bill of Rights.
Oct 07/1997 Montreal Quebec - RCMP ordered to make reparations of $2 million to former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney for defamatory accusations released during the Airbus enquiry.
Oct 05/1984 Cape Canaveral Florida - Marc Garneau 1949- becomes first Canadian in space on board Space Shuttle Challenger Flight STS-41G;
Oct 04/1988 Washington DC - Nine Canadians victimized by CIA brainwashing experiments at McGill University in the 1950s reach out-of-court settlement, sharing $750,000 award.
oct 02/1980 Ottawa Ontario - Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- says he will unilaterally patriate constitution, and amend it by adding Charter of Rights; debate starts in House of Commons Oct. 6.
Oct 01/1992 Ottawa Ontario - Statistics Canada says first-time bride aged 26 in 1990, 22.6 in 1971; groom 27.9, 24.9; first marriages 77%, 90% in 1971; 7.1/1000 people; 7.9 in 1921.
30-September-1981 Pakistan Commando soldiers release 66 hostages in Lahore from five Khalistan hijackers and activists of the Dal Khalsa International.
Sept 28/1993 Montreal Quebec - Bell Canada announces 5,000 job cuts.
Sept 27/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Brian Mulroney 1939- increases the size of the Senate to 112, appointing 8 new senators: now 54 PCs, 52 Liberals; to stop Senate from blocking GST.
Sept 26/1993 Niagara Falls, Ontario - Dave Munday takes his second plunge over Niagara Falls in a barrel; 53-year-old diesel mechanic from Caistor Centre, Ontario, the first person to make two trips over the Falls; previous trip in 1985.
Sept 25/1983 Ottawa Ontario - British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher arrives in Canada for 3-day state visit.
Sept 20/1984 Ottawa Ontario - Pope John Paul II holds huge outdoor mass on LeBreton flats in Ottawa before returning to Vatican; on papal visit to Canada.
Sept 18/1989 OPP ARREST BOB RAE Temagami Ontario - Ontario NDP Leader Bob Rae arrested with 15 others in Temagami Wilderness Society anti-logging blockade near a stand of old-growth white pines. An Ontario Supreme Court ruling Sept. 14 had rejected a pro
16-September-1913 Kasturba Gandhi was arrested.
Sept 16/1914 CANADA GETS AN AIR FORCE Ottawa Ontario - Sir Sam Hughes sets up the first Canadian military air service, the Canadian Aviation Corps; forerunner of the RCAF.
Sept 15/1992 Somalia - Canadian planes deliver 10 loads of 150 tonnes of relief supplies to famine-ravaged Somalia; three C-130 cargo planes and 71 personnel supporting Red Cross and UN.
Sept 14/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Brian Mulroney 1939- sends squadron of F-18 fighter jets, with 450 pilots and flight crew, to Persian Gulf"; raises to $74 million Canadian aid to Kuwaiti refugees.
Sept 13/1981 FIRST TERRY FOX RUN Canada - Eight hundred Canadian communities participate in the first Terry Fox 10k Run to raise money for cancer research. One year earlier, the 23 year old Fox was forced to end his Marathon of Hope in Thunder Bay, when
Sept 12/1983 Ottawa Ontario - Canada expels 2 Soviet diplomats for trying to obtain prohibited high technology equipment.
9-September-1812 The first paper currency was issued by the Bank of Bengal. The notes of this bank were later printed by Perkins, Heath & Co. in England. They can be distinguished into at least 10 different types. They were issued in a wide range of denom
8-September-1935 Asha Bhosle, famous playback singer, was born.
Sept 07/1993 Ottawa Ontario - Prime Minister Kim Campbell dissolves Parliament; will call an election the following day.
Sept 05/1990 Montreal Quebec - Mercier Bridge through the Kanawake reserve opens after 55-day Mohawk standoff.
Sept 04/1984 Also On This Day... Canada - Brian Mulroney 1939- wins the federal election in a landslide against opponents Liberal John Turner and New Democrat Ed Broadbent.His PC Party takes a record 212 of 282 seats, to 40 Liberal; 30 NDP; 1 other
Sept 03/1989 Toronto Ontario - One pilot killed as two Snowbirds jets collide during Canadian National Exhibition airshow; other pilot ejects safely over Lake Ontario.
Sep 02/1995 Toronto Ontario - British Nimrod plane plunges into Lake Ontario before horrified spectators during the annual airshow at the Canadian National Exhibition in Toronto; seven RAF crew members killed.
1-September-1947 Indian Standard Time was adopted.
Aug 30/1987 Rome Italy - Toronto sprinter Ben Johnson runs the 100m dash at the world track and field championships in a world record 9.83, cutting one-tenth of a second from the previous record of 9.93 set by Calvin Smith four years earlier; record later
Aug 28/1992 Ottawa Ontario - Defence Minister Marcel Masse says Canada prepared to send 750 troops to Somalia to help relieve famine and civil war.
26-August-1984 An Indian Airlines Boeing with 68 passengers and a crew of six hijacked to Lahore. The 12 Sikh hijackers then surrendered to the authorities in the U.A.E and released all the passengers.
25-August-1948 Jana Gana Mana to be the provisional National Anthem till Constituent Assembly made a final decision.
Aug 24/1814 BRITISH TORCH WASHINGTON, AVENGE BURNING OF TORONTO Washington DC - Major-General Robert Ross leads 4,000 troops in attack on Washington; British burn the Capitol, White House, National Library and other government buildings; to retaliate fo
Aug 23/1988 Ottawa Ontario - Canada Post workers go on strike.
Aug 21/2017 Canada - The next total solar eclipse visible from Canada will happen on this day.
Aug 20/1987 Ottawa Ontario - Federal government slaps a total ban on smoking in public service offices, starting Jan. 1, 1988. Smoking by government employees at all public service counters ends immediately.
Aug 19/1992 Calgary Alberta - Petro-Canada to sell 37% stake in Westcoast Energy to finance Hibernia expenses; wants to sell 10% of Hibernia holding after Gulf share sold.
Aug 18/1960 1st photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Aug 16/1898 Roller coaster patented
Aug 09/1988 Edmonton Alberta - Wayne Gretzky traded by Edmonton Oiler owner Peter Pocklington to Los Angeles Kings with two other players; Oilers get Jimmy Carson, top draft choice Martin Gelinas, 3 other first-round draft choices and a reputed $15-20 mil
Aug 06/1990 United Nations New York - Canada agrees to join trade embargo against Iraq ordered by UN security Council; fear of similar aggression toward Saudi Arabia
Aug 04/1914 Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
Aug 02/1995 Ottawa Ontario - Government announces it will close 150 Canada Employment Centres
Aug 01/1971 Ottawa Ontario- Government ends censorship of letters to and from prisoners in federal institutions.
July 30/1962 DIEF OPENS TRANS-CANADA HIGHWAY Rogers Pass, BC - Prime Minister John Diefenbaker officially opens the Trans-Canada Highway to traffic
July 27/1992 Ottawa Ontario - Kim Campbell unveils new firearms regulations; 60 military-type weapons banned; magazines limited to 5, 10 shot; Justice Minister; guns must be stored away from ammunition, and kept locked.
26-July-1975 Anti-government demonstrations held in Gujarat, defying the emergency law prohibiting such demonstrations.
July 25/1982 Archambault Quebec - Bloody riot erupts at Archambault maximum-security prison near Montreal; inmates trying to escape kill three guards; two convicts commit suicide.
July 24/1984 LEADERS SPAR IN FIRST FRENCH TV DEBATE Montreal Quebec - Federal party leaders Ed Broadbent, Brian Mulroney & John Turner meet in the first French-language television debate.
23-July-1555 Humayun reconquered Delhi after defeating Sher - Shar Alias Sikandar Suri in Machiwara and Sarhind battles. It is said that he won the crown but not the empire.
July 23/1983 JET RUNS OUT OF GAS IN MID AIR Gimli Manitoba - Air Canada 767 runs out of fuel in midair and makes emergency glide landing at Gimli airstrip; due to metric confusion and fuel meter problems.
July 18/1991 London England - Brian Mulroney 1939- tells Mikhail Gorbachev Canada will lift freeze on $150 million in food credits imposed during Baltic crackdown; also offers $10 million technical assistance package.
July 17 1978 Washington DC - Canada and the US agree to let Canadians in American jails and Americans in Canadian prisons finish their sentences in their home countries.
16-July-1992 Shankar Dayal Sharma is appointed President.
July 15/1983 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa approves US cruise missile testing in northern Canada for early in 1984.
July 14/1976 COMMONS ABOLISHES CAPITAL PUNISHMENT Ottawa Ontario - House of Commons abolishes the death penalty by a free vote of 132-124.
July 12/1812 - US Brigadier General William Hull 1753-1825 crosses the Detroit River with 2,500 troops and occupies the town of Sandwich; first American invasion in the War of 1812; worried about a new alliance between the British and the Indians led by
July 11/1991 Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Nationair charter jet crashes in Saudi Arabia killing all 261 on board, including 14 Canadian crew members.
July 10/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Justice Minister Kim Campbell unveils draft law to extradite wanted criminals to home countries; to decrease stages of appeal from 7 to 3; also draft law on criminal insanity - insane defendants no longer indefinitely jailed.
July 08/1974 TRUDEAU WINS MAJORITY Canada - Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- wins majority 141 of 264 seats in federal election; to 95 Conservative; 16 NDP; 11 Social Credit; 1 other; Andy Hogan the first Roman Catholic priest elected to the Commons.
July 05/1994 Montreal Quebec - Report of provincial inquiry says Montreal police force poorly supervised, badly trained and racist.
July 03/1991 Hagersville Ontario - Judge sentences youth to 16 months detention for setting $30 million tire fire in Hagersville, Feb. 1990; 3 others also found guilty and got shorter sentences.
July 02/1991 Toronto Ontario - Ontario Court of Appeal rules psychiatrists cannot give medication against wishes of patients; challenged by professionals and relatives of mentally ill.
June 29/1972 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court rules that motorists can seek legal counsel before taking alcohol breath tests.
June 28/1988 Ottawa Ontario - Parliament passes law banning tobacco advertising.
June 27/1992 Toronto Ontario - Striking printers force Toronto Star to stop the presses for the first time in 99 years;
June 26/1995 Toronto Ontario -Mike Harris sworn in as 22nd Premier of Ontario, replacing Bob Rae of the NDP, in power since 1990; won 82 out of 130 seats; cabinet of 19 smallest in the province in 30 years.
25-June-1658 6th Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb arrested his father Shahjahan and put him in Agra Fort Jail.
June 25/1968 Canada -Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- wins 28th federal general election 155 seats to 72; 22 NDP; 14 Creditiste; 1 other; defeats Robert Stanfield with 45.5% of popular vote. Click to see an example of Trudeaumania.
24-June-1763 Murshidabad was captured by the East India Company under Major Adams for the second time, and Mir Jaffar was declared the King.
June 24/1848 Woodstock Ontario - Incorporation of the Woodstock & Lake Erie Railroad.
June 23/1985 Atlantic - Bomb planted on Air India Boeing 747 jet out of Montreal explodes over the ocean south of the coast of Ireland; 329 dead; planted by Sikh terrorist later captured in London; greatest loss of Canadian lives in commercial flying hist
June 23/1974 Ottawa Ontario - Former PC Prime Minister John Diefenbaker sworn in as an MP for the 12th consecutive time; a record in Canadian politics.
22-June-1555 Humayun crossed the Indus and captured Lahore and ousted Sikandar Suri of Delhi throne.
June 22/1968 Toronto Ontario - 3,700 Metropolitan Toronto outside workers, including garbage collectors, go on strike.
June 21/1984 Ottawa Ontario - Parliament passes bill establishing the Canadian Security Intelligence Service; CSIS to replace RCMP in dealing with foreign espionage, terrorism and subversion.
June 20/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Mohamed Al-Mashat inquiry into his fast track immigration agrees on flawed and controversial processing of case; Iraqi diplomat and defector from Saddam Hussein.
June 18/1812 Washington DC - US President James Madison asks Congress to declare war on Britain due to seizure of American vessels in Napoleonic Wars, and British support of native resistance to US westward expansion; beginning of War of 1812; to Dec. 24,
17-June-1756 Nawab Sira-ud-Daulah attacked on Calcutta with 50,000 soldiers and captured it on June 21.
June 14/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Michael Wilson says Free Trade tribunal ruling for Canadian pork exporters proves deal works; end of countervail pork duty; $20 million refund.
June 13/1995 Ottawa Ontario - Alan Rock gets his Gun Control Act passed in the Commons 192 votes to 63; controversial gun-control legislation calls for eventual registration of all firearms.
June 12/1986 Ontario - Ontario MDs strike to protest a government ban on extra-billing.
June 08/1995 Ontario - Mike Harris wins Ontario election for the Progressive Conservatives, defeating Bob Rae of the NDP, in power since 1990; takes 82 out of 130 seats.
5-June-1966 Indian rupee devalued by 36.5 percent.
2-June-1756 Fort William, the English stronghold in Bengal, was surrendered to Siraj-ud-Daulah.
June 01/1927 Government liquor stores in Ontario start selling liquor to adults with $2 permits, as prohibition ends; the province has been dry since 1921.
May 31/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Brian Mulroney 1939- invites Premiers to Ottawa June 3 to try and save the Meech Lake Accord; refuses full First Ministers Conference; says Senate reform main obstacle
May 30/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Justice Minister Kim Campbell introduces new gun control legislation, boosting penalties for some firearms offences while exempting competition shooters.
27-May-1964 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister and architect of modern India, passed away at the age of 74
27-May-1857 Nana Sahib was captured at Kanpur.
May 27/1993 Ottawa Ontario - House of Commons passes legislation bringing Canada into the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
May 26/1887 Montreal Quebec - Canadian Pacific Railway 4,700 km main line opens for public traffic, 18 months after the last spike at Craigellachie, BC. Trains have been running across Canada for a year, but passengers can now ride directly to Vancouver
24-May-1557 Sikandar Sur was compelled to surrender Mankot in Punjab.
May 24/1918 Ottawa Ontario - Robert Laird Borden 1854-1937 passes Canada Elections Act; gives all Canadian women over 21, the right to vote in federal elections only. Manitoba the first province to grant women the vote, in 1916; the other provinces follow
May 22/1974 Ottawa Ontario - Canada suspends shipments of all nuclear equipment to India after that country detonated a nuclear device using Canadian materials on May 18.
May 21/1914 Vancouver BC - Ship Komagata Maru arrives in Vancouver with 396 Sikh immigrants aboard; not allowed to land under Canadian immigration laws; sails away on July 23.
May 18/1982 BOMBARDIER WINS BIG IN NY New York City - Bombardier Inc. wins $1 billion contract to build 825 subway cars for New York; largest-ever export contract for a Canadian manufacturer.
May 17/1990 St. Andrews New Brunswick - Star-Kist Canada to close down tuna plant, throwing 250 people out of work; slumping prices to blame; plant closed due to tainted tuna scandal from 1985-88.
May 15/1992 Ottawa Ontario - Mulroney government House Leader Harvie Andre brings in bill to allow Ottawa to hold vote on constitutional reform; permits 36 day campaign; groups who spend over $5,000 must register.
May 14/1946 Ottawa Ontario - House of Commons passes the Canadian Citizenship Act; first nationality statute in Canada to define its people as Canadians; Canadian citizenship to be distinct and primary over being a British subject; to take effect January
13-May-1648 Construction of the Red Fort at Dehli was completed.
May 12/1990 Toronto Ontario - Michael Mike Harris wins Ontario PC Party leadership, defeating Rookie MPP Diane Cunningham of London 7,175 to 5,825 votes; chosen by one-member, one-vote system from 33,000 PC members
May 11/1984 Ottawa Ontario - Parliament passes bill creating the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS); civilian security agency to replace RCMP Security Service when dealing with espionage and terrorism; Bill given Royal Assent June 21.
May 10/1980 OTTAWA BAILS OUT CHRYSLER CANADA Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa gives financially strapped Chrysler Canada $20 million in loan guarantees, and Ontario provides a $10 million grant; the US also provided $1.5 billion in loans and subsidies to bail out
May 09/1991 Ottawa Ontario - National Energy Board gives TransCanada Pipelines the green light for a $2.6 billion line into the US; plus 15 export licenses for 1.6 trillion cubic feet of gas
May 08/1987 BIRTH OF THE LOONIE Ottawa Ontario - Royal Canadian Mint unveils one-dollar coin to replace the paper dollar; made of nickel, copper and recycled tin, the loonie has a loon engraved on its rear side
7-May-1834 East India Company annexed Coorg. King Raja Veer Rajendra, who was a cruel ruler, after formally declaring a war had captured Durg State
May 06/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Prime Minister Mulroney says tough economic measures by his government will continue to make him unpopular with the public.
May 05/1992 Calgary Alberta - William Hopper says Petro-Canada to lay off 1,200 employees by end of 1993; company lost $598 m in 1991; largest corporate loss in the history of Canada
3-May-1718 Baba Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, great freedom fighter, social reformer and leader, was born at Ahlu village, Lahore.
may 03/1979 Dawson City Yukon - Yukon River submerges Dawson under more than two metres of water; downtown declared a disaster area.
2-May-1907 Riots break out in Rawalpindi and East Bengal, spreading to the Punjab.
1991 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court strikes down 190 year old law that let the Crown jail people found not guilty by reason of insanity, or commit them to a mental institution indefinitely.
May 01/1987 London England - British Customs seizes Air Canada jet at Heathrow Airport after discovering a major hashish shipment from India; plane released after Air Canada pays substantial fine.
Apr 30/1971 Montreal Quebec - Hydro Quebec outlines plans to build $6 billion hydro-electric power project in James Bay region; largest such development ever undertaken in the western hemisphere.
28-April-1943 Netaji Subash Chandra Bose aligned the Japanese-German submarine at Medagaskar. 28-April-1952 The war between Japan and India ended.
Apr 27/1990 Montreal Quebec - Quebec women celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the vote for women in the province.
Apr 26/1983 Toronto Ontario - First flight of Skyship 500 at Toronto Airport; can carry 10 people; uses non-flammable helium; first Canadian-built airship.
Apr 25/1940 Quebec City - Quebec women allowed to vote and run for office in provincial elections, 22 years after women were granted the federal vote.
Apr 24/1985 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court of Canada ruling allows Sunday shopping in most provinces.
Apr 23/1997 Toronto Ontario - Ted England, head trader at Peters & Co. Ltd., purchases 100 shares of Bell Canada, the last trade ever made on the trading floor of the Toronto Stock Exchange, as the TSE closes its floor after 145 years and moves to compute
Apr 21/1991 Montreal Quebec - Jean Chrétien 1934- urges a referendum in early 1992; suggests giving veto to four regions - Atlantic Canada, Quebec, Ontario and the West - and the allocation of power to the government that can handle it best.
19-April-1451 Buhlul Khan Lodi, an Afghan of Lodi tribe, marched down upon Delhi.
Apr 19/1990 Simcoe Ontario - Five teenagers charged with setting massive tire fire at the Tyre King Recycling dump in Hagersville; burned for 17 days in February, forcing 500 from homes.
Apr 18/1977 Boston Massachusetts - Jerome Drayton 1945- the eighth Canadian to win the Boston Marathon. 1975 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa ends tax breaks for Canadians advertising on US border TV stations and in foreign owned Canadian magazines.
Apr 16/1995 Brussels, Belgium - Canada signs deal with the European Union, ending a bitter dispute over fishing rights in the North Atlantic; both sides say agreement will protect threatened fish stocks.
15-April-1919 British troops kill 400 Indians, who were demonstrating against the British rule at Amritsar for the forced marshall law on Punjab.
Apr 14/1975 Toronto Ontario - Ontario Court of Appeal rules that divorced women can sue their former husbands for damages.
Apr 13/1972 Ottawa Ontario -US President Richard Nixon starts two-day visit to Canada; signs Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.
11-April-1964 Communist Party of India was divided in two parts. Firstly known as Communist Party of India [CPI], its second fragmentation was named as Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)]. This division was on ideological differences at the intern
Apr 11/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa to give $15 million compensation to families of victims of 1985 Air India Flight 182 disaster; 80 lawsuits already settled for over $10 million.
Apr 10/1963 Ottawa Ontario - Parliament passes Food and Drugs Act, getting more control over sale of drugs.
Apr 09/1987 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court of Canada rules that the right to strike is not guaranteed by the constitution.
8-April-1857 Mangal Pandey, the first revolutionary of Indian mutiny and freedom fighter, was hanged till death at Barrackpore. He struck the first bullet during the time of mutiny against the British Empire.
Apr 08/1976 Halifax Nova Scotia - Nova Scotia the eighth province to sign an anti-inflation agreement with Ottawa.
7-April-1920 Ravi Shankar Bhattacharya, renowned Sitar player (Sounds of India), was born in Banaras, India.
Apr 07/1977 Toronto Ontario - The Toronto Blue Jays play their inaugural regular season game in a light snowfall at the CNE Exhibition Stadium; the expansion team beats the Chicago White Sox 9-5.
6-April-1606 Khusru Prince and his father Jahangir rebelled and fled from Agra.
Apr 06/1991 Saskatoon Saskatchewan - Preston Manning stresses Reform Party wants Quebec to stay in Canada, but not at any cost; wants strong central government, tighter spending controls.
Apr 05/1917 Victoria BC - British Columbia grants women the right to vote in provincial elections.
Apr 03/1975 Ottawa Ontario - Statistics Canada reports record $2.19 billion paid out in 1974 for unemployment insurance benefits.
Apr 01/1975 Canada - Canadian radio and TV stations first start giving the temperature in Celsius.
30-March-1929 Weekly postal service across 5,000-miles by aeroplane started between England and India serving India, Egypt, Palestine and Iraq in London
Mar 30/1990 Quebec Quebec - Riot police in Quebec City break up demonstration by 2,000 marchers against university tuition fee increases; students also occupy Montreal Stock Exchange; over 250 arrested.
29-March-1849 Maharaj Dulip Singh left the throne of Punjab that once belonged to his late father Ranjit Singh and was then occupied by the East India Company. The Britishers had captured it after defeating the Sikh Army at Amritsar.
Mar 26/1987 Ottawa Ontario - Ontario Liberal MP Sheila Copps gives birth to a girl; first Member of Parliament to give birth.
Mar 23/1937 Toronto Ontario- Toronto Stock Exchange moves into new building at 234 Bay St.; cost $750,000; air conditioned; called the Ticker Place by the Star Weekly.
Mar 22/1955 Mississauga Ontario - Fire at Malton Airport causes $5 million in damage.
Mar 21/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Supreme Court rules 9-0 that fetus not legal person; no guarantee to life under Criminal Code; upholds BC Court of Appeal ruling.
Mar 20/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Consumer and Corporate Affairs reports that personal and business bankruptcies reached their highest level ever; up 68% from 1990.
Mar 18/1929 Windsor Ontario - Engineers break ground for the Windsor-Detroit tunnel under the Detroit River.
Mar 17/1987 Ottawa Ontario - House of Commons passes motion supporting free trade with the US; opposed by Liberals and NDP.
Mar 17/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Transport Minister Doug Lewis announces random drug and alcohol testing for workers in safety-sensitive jobs; up to 250,000 workers; in air, rail, ship, bus and trucking companies.
Mar 15/1990 Ottawa Ontario - Solicitor General Pierre Cadieux announces that Sikhs in the RCMP can wear turbans and other religious garb while in uniform.
Mar 14/1974 Quebec Quebec - Quebec to make French the official language of the province
Mar 12/1993 North America - Huge blizzard batters east coast of the US and Canada; wind piles snowdrifts ran as high as four metres; over 110 deaths.
9-March-1858 Bahadurshah Jafar II, the last Mughal Emperor, was deported to Rangoon under the offence for rising of first Indian Mutiny in 1857.
Mar 07/1878 TORONTO STOCK EXCHANGE FOUNDED
Mar 05/1982 Ottawa Ontario - Parliament passes Canada Oil and Gas Act; Petro Canada gets automatic 25% of all new offshore finds; to speed offshore oil and gas development
Mar 03/1980 Ottawa Ontario - Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- succeeds Joe Clark as Prime Minister; Clark PM since June 4, 1979.
Mar 01/1995 Toronto Ontario - Real estate developer Bramalea Inc. seeks court protection from its creditors; for the second time in the 1990s. 1991 Hamilton Ontario - Maclean-Hunter sells CHCH-TV to WIC Western International Communications for $46 milli
Feb 27/1995 Ottawa Ontario - Paul Martin tables his second Budget as Finance Minister; wants to cut federal spending 8.8% and bring the deficit down to 3% of GDP
1995 Ottawa Ontario - Paul Martin tables his second Budget as Finance Minister; wants to cut federal spending 8.8% and bring the deficit down to 3% of GDP
Feb 25/1972 Pickering Ontario - Ontario Hydro opens $75 million Pickering nuclear power plant; has been the largest single producer of electricity in the world.
Feb 24/1993 Ottawa Ontario - Brian Mulroney announces he is stepping down as Prime Minister and Progressive Conservative Party leader; says his biggest disappointment was the failure of the Meech Lake Accord; Justice Minister Kim Campbell will win the Jun
Feb 20/1993 Ottawa Ontario - Constitutional Affairs Minister Joe Clark announces he will not seek re-election; led Tories for 7 years, Prime Minister June 1979 to March 1980; MP for High River for 21 years
feb 19/1996 Ottawa Ontario - Royal Canadian Mint unveils new $2 coin design; a bimetallic Polar Bear.
Feb 18/1980 Canada - Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- defeats Joe Clark in the general election 146 seats to 103, with 32 for the NDP; wins majority government after nine months out of office; there are now no Liberal MPs west of Winnipeg. Only a few weeks
Feb 17/1965 Ottawa Ontario - Lester B. Pearson 1897-1972 reduces age at which Old Age Pensions will be paid to 65 instead of 70; change to be phased in over five years.
Feb 13/1981 Ottawa Ontario - Parliamentary committee recommends 65 amendments to original constitutional package
Feb 10/1983 Washington DC - Canada signs agreement allowing US testing of military equipment in Canada, including cruise missiles.
Feb 08/1994 - Ottawa slashes tobacco taxes to reduce rampant cigarette smuggling; Quebec, Ontario and the Maritime provinces follow; failure to control smuggling.
Feb 07/1990 Halifax Nova Scotia - Donald Marshall Jr. wins apology from Nova Scotia for suffering due to 11 years false imprisonment for a murder committed in 1971; after a royal commission exonerates him; he eventually receives $270,000 in cash damages
Feb 05/1991 Ottawa Ontario - Quebec and Ottawa sign immigration accord giving Quebec exclusive responsibility for selecting immigrants who wish to live in the province.
Feb 03/1947 BBRRRRR!!! Snag Yukon - Thermometers in Snag register -64C (-83F), the lowest temperature recorded in Canada; likely the lowest temperature on record in North America.
Feb 02/1976 Ottawa Ontario - Ottawa signs agreements with Newfoundland and PEI to put public employees under the federal AIB - Anti-Inflation Board.
Jan 31/1980 Toronto Ontario - Ontario to rebate up to $700 in sales tax for purchasers of 1979 model cars; effort to help slumping car sales.
Jan 30/1985 Ottawa Ontario - Federal government states that metric measurement will continue to be mandatory, but retailers can use the imperial system at the same time.
Jan 29/1967 - Terrorists bomb Yugoslav Embassy in Ottawa and Consulate in Toronto.
28-January-1846 British forcibly separate Kashmir from the Sikhs and sell it to the Maharaja of Jammu for 1,000,000 pounds after the Battle of Allwal.
Jan 27/1994 Toronto area MP Jag Bhaduria quits the Liberal caucus to sit as an independent, after it was revealed he had falsified his academic background.
27-January-1948 Gandhiji visits Mehrauli Muslim Fair.
25-January-1914 Gandhi reaches agreement with South African Union govt. on treatment of Indian nationals at South Africa.
Jan 24/1958 After warming to 100,000,000º, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in 1st man-made nuclear fusion
Jan 24/1939 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile
Jan 23/1556 Most deadly earthquake kills 830,000 in Shansi Province, China
Jan 22/1901 After 63 years England stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series
Jan 21/1944 447 German bombers attack London ---- 1944 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
Jan 20/1942 Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain
Jan 19/0570 Mohammed Islamic prophet (Koran)
Jan18/1778 Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)
Jan 17/1861 Flush toilet (with separate water tank and a pull chain) patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)
16 January-1681 Sambhaji was crowned as the successor of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in a function held at Raigad Fort.
Jan 14/1863 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
14-January-1761 The third and last battle of Panipat, fought between the Marathas and the Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Abadli, started. The Marathas lost 28,000 soldiers and were virtually routed in North India thus ending the Maratha hegemony.
14-January-1641 United East Indian Company conquers city of Malakka, 7,000 killed.
13-January-1709 Bahadhur Shah I defeated his brother Kam Bakhsh at Hydrabad as the Mughal Emperor consolidated his position.
2 January-1924 Gandhiji was operated on for appendicitis in Sassoon Hospital, Pune.
jan 11/1972 East-Pakistan becomes independent state of Bangladesh
Jan 11/1759 1st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia
Jan 05/1709 Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans
Jan 04/1932 British East Indies Viceroy Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru
Jan 02/1970 US population is 205,052,174; Black population 22,600,000 (11.1%)
Jan 02/1757 British troops occupy Calcutta India
Jan 01/1901 Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies
Dec 31/1492 100,000 Jews expelled from Sicily
Dec 30/1861 US, banks stops payments in gold
Dec 28/1828 6.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed
Dec 27/1934 Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran
Dec 26/1986 Hijackers take over an Iraqi Airways Boeing 737 with 91 people on board during a flight from Baghdad to Amman - it lands in Arar, Saudi Arabia where it explodes, killing 62 people.
Dec 24/1991 Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of the Soviet Union
Dec 23/1922 BBC Radio began daily newscasts
Dec 22/1882 1st string of Christmas tree lights created by Thomas Edison
21-December-1788 Sindhia arrested Gulam Qadir and killed him
Dec 20/1780 England declares war on Netherlands
Dec 19/1842 US recognizes independence of Hawaii
18-December-1971 Indira Gandhi, PM, receives the Bharat Ratna.
18-December-1949 Joni Flynn, famous actress (Octopussy), was born in Assam, India.
Dec 01/1640 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
30-November-1759 Alamgir was murdered by his minister Imad-ul-Mulk.
Nov 28/1987 South African Airways Boeing 747 crashes into Indian Ocean, 159 die
27-November-1001 Sultan Mehmud of Ghazni began his first real expedition to India by defeating the Hindu King Jaipal. He won Afghanisthan and Punjab in Peshawar battle. This was the first major Muslim conquest in India.
Nov 26/1949 India adopts a constitution as a British Commonwealth Republic
Nov 25/1783 Britain evacuates NY, their last military position in US
Nov 24/1863 Civil War battle for Lookout Mountain began in Tennessee
Nov 23/1904 3rd Olympic games close in St Louis
22-November-1718 Durgadas Rathore, social reformer, died on the banks of the Sipra at Ujjain.
Nov 21/1935 1st commercial crossing of Pacific by plane (China Clipper)
Nov 20/1977 Egyptian President Sadat became 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset
Nov 19/1985 President Reagan & Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for 1st time
Nov 18/1990 Saddam offers to free an estimated 2,000 men held in Kuwait
Nov 17/1278 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
Nov 16/1894 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
Nov 15/1977 President Jimmy Carter welcomes Shah of Iran
Nov 14/1832 1st streetcar (horse-drawn) (John Mason) debuts in NYC
Nov 13/1775 American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal
Nov 10/1951 1st long distance telephone call without operator assistance
Nov 09/1799 Napoleon becomes dictator (1st consul) of France
Nov 08/1988 900 die as earthquake hits China
Nov 05/1911 Italy attacks Turkey, takes Tipoli & Cyrenaica
1939 1st air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Ill
Nov 03/1979 63 Americans taken hostage at US Embassy (Teheran, Iran)
2-November-1534 Guru Ramdas, Sikh Guru, was born.
Nov 01/1954 India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements
Oct 31/1984 Indira Gandhi PM of India assassinated by 2 of her Sikh bodyguards
30-October-1883 Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, died in Ajmer.
28-October-1627 Jahangir, Mughal emperor, weak from asthma and no food, died at Bhimghar near Kashmir. He was buried at Shahdara (Lahore) on the banks of the Ravi. During his last days, he remained in the custody of Aurangzeb. ( 28/10 or 7/11).
26-October-1814 British General Governor declared war against Nepal.
Oct 25/1983 US invades Grenada, a country 1/2,000 its population (US Wins!)
24-October-1605 Jahangir became the fourth Emperor of Mughal Empire at Agra.
Oct 23/1944 Soviet army invades Hungary
Oct 22/1979 Deposed Shah of Iran arrives in NY for medical treatment
21-October-1943 Azad Hind Government was established in Singapore and Netaji Subhashchandra Bose was elected as its national leader.
17-October-1979 Mother Teresa, social worker, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Oct 16/1869 Hotel in Boston becomes the 1st to have indoor plumbing
Oct 15/1985 Shuttle Columbia carries Spacelab into orbit
14-October-1989 Election Commission accepted Shiv Sena as a political party.
13-October-1240 Radiya Sultan, first lady ruler of Delhi throne, passed away in a battle.
Oct 12/1492 Columbus arrives in the Bahamas; the real Columbus Day
11-October-1737 A violent earthquake and cyclone hit Calcutta which claimed 3,00,000 lives.
10-October-1964 Ravi Shankar performs at Town Hall in New York. 10-October-1964 Olympics opened at Tokyo. 10-October-1964 Gurudutt, famous film actor, died.
9-October-1992 Sukha and Jinda, assassins of former army chief Gen. A. S. Vaidya, hanged in Pune jail.
9-October-1931 India Air Force was established.
7-October-1708 Guru Govind Singh, tenth and the last Sikh Guru, was assassinated.
6-October-1949 Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone of National Defence Academy in Kharakvasla near Pune.
4-October-1977 Atal Bihari Vajpayee, External Affairs Minister of India, addressed the UNO General Assembly in Hindi language.
2-October-1869 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) born to a Bania (trading caste) family at Porbander, Kathiawar. He was the youngest of the three sons of Karamchand alias Kaba Gandhi, Prime Minister successively in Porbunder, Rajkot and Vankaner
Oct 01/1953 Indian state of Andhra Pradesh partitioned from Madras
30-September-1687 Aurangzeb acquired the famous Golconda fort near Hyderabad from the Qutub Shahi Sultan Tana Shah due to the treachery of his General Panni.
29-September-1981 Delhi-Srinagar Indian Airlines Boeing 737 flight was diverted to Lahore, Pakistan by five Khalistan activists of the Dal Khalsa International. On board there were 117 passengers out of which 66 were freed on arrival in Lahore.
29-September-1708 British East India Company and New East India company merged.
Sept 28/1867 Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario
26-September-1923 Dev Anand, film producer, director and actor, was born.
25-September-1524 Vasco-de-Gama was the Last Viceroy of Portuguese, who ruled India.
23-September-1980 Indira Gandhi gains power to imprison without trial.
23-September-1803 British-Indian forces defeated the Marathas in the Battle of Assaye.
22-September-1422 The Sultan, losing his hold over the army and some members of his aristocracy, very wisely abdicated in favour of his brother Ahmad, who is famous in Deccan history as Ahmad Shah Wali.
21-September-1857 Bahadurshah Jafar - II surrendered against the British troops.
Sept 20/1860 1st British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (King Edward VII)
19-September-1950 U. N. Assembly rejects Indian-Soviet proposal to admit Communist China in New York.
Sep 18/1759 British capture Qu‚bec during the French & Indian War
17-September-1899 First British troops leave Bombay for South Africa.
16-September-1973 Abasaheb Mujumdar, great musician, died.
16-September-1913 Kasturba Gandhi was arrested.
15-September-1965 President Ayub Khan appeals to the US to use its influence to end Indian-Pakistani hostilities.
14-September-1949 Hindi declared the national language by the Constituent Assembly after a three-day debate.
13-September-1965 Pakistanis bomb Bombay.
Sept 10/1939 Canada declares war on Germany
9-September-1812 The first paper currency was issued by the Bank of Bengal. The notes of this bank were later printed by Perkins, Heath & Co. in England. They can be distinguished into at least 10 different types. They were issued in a wide range of denom
8-September-1947 There was little time to celebrate independence in India and Pakistan as large parts of the dominions were paralyzed with fear. Mobs ran wild as Muslims and Hindus battled to death and turned streets into rivers of blood.
8-September-1935 Asha Bhosle, famous playback singer, was born.
7-September-1906 Bank of India, the first Indian bank, was registered
6-September-1965 Full scale warfare broke out all along the international border between West Pakistan and India.
6-September-1657 Shahjahan fell ill. His four sons Dara Shikoh, Suja, Aurangzeb and Murad advanced towards Delhi to capture the throne.
5-September-1457 Property Tax was passed. India
4-September-1665 Raja Jai Singh treaty of Purandar was signed between the Mughals and Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
Sep 03/1939 Britain declares war on Germany. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
2-September-1573 Akbar won the war near Ahmedabad and captured Gujrat.
1-September-1668 Mumbai was handed over to East India Company by King of England.
31-August-1919 Amrita Pritam, Punjabi poet, novelist and Gyanpeeth award winner, was born.
Aug 30/1850 Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city
August-1612 Battle at Surat in India; English fleet beats Portuguese.
28-August-1904 First car rally between Calcutta to Barakpur held.
25-August-1948 Jana Gana Mana to be the provisional National Anthem till Constituent Assembly made a final decision.
Aug 24/1853 1st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs, NY)
23-August-1947 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was sworn is as the Deputy Prime Minister of India.
Not only is the universe stranger than we imagine, it is stranger than we can imagine.
22-August-1979 Neelam Sanjeev Reddy, President of India, dissolves the sixth Lok Sabha, orders year-end general elections and asks Charan Singh to head a caretaker government.
20-August-1955 Jawaharlal Nehru breaks off relations with the Portuguese after the invasion of Goa by Indian nationalists.
Aug 19/1826 Canada Co chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
Aug 18/1930 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service
Aug 09/1803 1st horses arrive in Hawaii
8-August-1942 'Britishers Quit India', this resolution was announced in public at Bombay Congress Session. This resolution was passed by All Indian National Congress Committee and Gandhiji gave the 'Do or Die' call for Independence struggle.
Aug 07/1498 Columbus arrives in Caribbean
Aug 06/1934 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915
Aug 05/1964 US begins bombing North Vietnam
Aug 04/1916 US agrees to buy Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million
3-August-1780 British officer captain Bruce conquered Gwalior fort under Major Popham after defeating Sindhiya.
Aug 01/1936 Adolph Hitler opens Berlin Olympic Games
July 31/1498 Christopher Columbus discovers island of Trinidad
29-July-1980 India won Gold Medal in Hockey at Moscow Olympics.
28-July-1914 Japanese boat 'Kamagata Maru' was compelled to deport to India from Vancouver, Canada. The ship was boarded with active freedom fighters who were against the British Government.
27-July-1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China.
26-July-1614 Jahangir captured Mewar from Rana Amar Singh. A treaty was signed. In the Mughal court, Rana and his son were treated with exceptional courtesy.
25-July-1987 Giani Zail Singh (1916-1994) retired from the post of seventh President.
July 24/1877 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
23-July-1555 Humayun reconquered Delhi after defeating Sher - Shar Alias Sikandar Suri in Machiwara and Sarhind battles. It is said that he won the crown but not the empire.
July 22/1939 1st black woman judge (Jane Matilda Bolin-NYC)
21-July-1658 Aurangzeb celebrated his being the emperor of Mugal Empire at Delhi. He was informally enthroned.
July 20/1810 Colombia declared independence from Spain
19-July-1763 Mir Kasim was defeated in 'Katwa' battle by Britishers.
18-July-1857 The Calcutta, Mumbai and Madras Universities were established.
17-July-1489 Nizam Shah became the Sultan of Dehli.
16-July-1954 French rule ends in Mahe. De facto power was transferred to the people and the Indian flag hoisted.
15-July-1979 Morarji Desai resigns as PM. Jagjivan Ram elected Janata Parliamentary party leader.
14-July-1636 Aurangzeb was appointed as Shahjahan by Viceroy of Deccan.
July 12/1928 1st televised tennis match
11-July-1630 Rezabeebeth Sookeas Begum passed away.
10-July-1984 White Paper on Punjab released by Union Government.
9-July-1875 The Bombay Stock Exchange, the first in India, was constructed under the shade of a large banyan tree.
8-July-1954 Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India, inaugurated world's longest Bhakra-Nangal Dam canal at Punjab.
7-July-1799 Ranjit Singh captured Lahore in Punjab from Sikh rulers
July 06/1785 Congress resolves US currency named "dollar" & adopts decimal coinage
5-July-1658 Aurangzeb arrested Murad.
4-July-1985 Police inquiry said bombs caused Air India jet disaster in New Delhi.
3-July-1661 Portugal gives Tanger & Bombay to English King Charles II.
2-July-1757 Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula was captured and assassinated. He was stabbed with a knife by Muhammad Beg at the instance of Miran, son of Mir Zafar.
JULY 01 CANADA DAY
Jun 30/1894 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
29-June-1757 Mir Zafar was installed on the throne as the Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orrisa from Murshidabad.
28-June-1975 Netherlands gives independence to Dutch Guyana, which becomes Suriname; one third of Hindus (descendants of Indian plantation workers) emigrate to Netherlands for better social and economic conditions.
Jun 27/1929 1st color TV demo (NYC)
Jun 26/1924 After 8 years of occupation, US troops leave the Domincan Republic
22-June-1555 Humayun crossed the Indus and captured Lahore and ousted Sikandar Suri of Delhi throne.
21-June-1576 Mughal army defeated Rana Pratapsingh in the battle of Haldighat.
Jun 20/1756 146 Brit soldiers imprisoned in India-Black Hole of Calcutta-most die
19-June-1747 Nadirshaha passed away.
18-June-1658 Aurangzeb managed to capture the Agra Fort and later arrested his father Emperor Shahjahan.
17-June-1674 Jijabai, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, died. 17-June-1756 Nawab Sira-ud-Daulah attacked on Calcutta with 50,000 soldiers and captured it on June 21.
16-June-1605 Akbar (Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din), Mughal emperor of India (1556-1605), passed away of diarrhoea or dysentery at the age of 63 years. At Akbar's graveside, stood conspicious in his simplicity, Jesuit priest Father Xavier who always remained his
15-June-1659 Aurangzeb declared as the Emperor at Delhi.
June 13/1775 US Army founded
June 13/1871 Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
12-June-1960 783 Sikhs are arrested while demonstrating for an independent Sikh state in New Delhi.
11-June-1984 574 Sikh army deserters arrested.
June 10/1801 Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
June 09/1977 Silver jubilee of Queen Elizabeth celebrated with fireworks
8-June-1936 Akashwani Radio was later changed into All India Radio (AIR) in 1958.
7-June-1539 Sher Shah defeats Humayun near Buxar at Chausa and becomes emperor of Delhi.
June 06/1882 Electric iron patented by Henry W. Seely, NYC
5-June-1984 Operation 'Blue Star' was launched by Indira Gandhi. Indian commandos stormed into Sikh's holiest gurudwara Golden Temple in Amritsar to flush out the terrorists and other anti-government elements. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and over 325 peopl
june 04/1990 NY Telephone company announces that it wants Bronx areacode 917
June 03/1621 Dutch West India Company receives charter for "New Netherlands"
2-June-1756 Fort William, the English stronghold in Bengal, was surrendered to Siraj-ud-Daulah.
1-June-1786 Madras General Post Office started functioning.
May 31/0070 Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
30-May-1826 The first Hindi newspaper 'Udant Martand' was published from Calcutta under the Editorship of Pandit Shridhar Shukla.
29-May-1658 Dara Shukoh was utterly defeated by Aurangzeb in the battle of Samugarh near Agra.
may 28/1674 German Parliament declares war on France
27-May-1857 Nana Sahib was captured at Kanpur.
May 26/0961 German King Otto II crowned
may 25/1898 1st US troop transport to Manila leaves San Fransisco
24-May-1557 Sikandar Sur was compelled to surrender Mankot in Punjab.
23-May-1947 The U.K. Cabinet today took the historic step of agreeing to Lord Mountbatten's proposal for the partition of India into two states, one Muslim and the other Hindu. The Viceroy is to have a series of talks with Lord Listowel, the Secretary for
23-May-1805 Lord Wellesley, Governer General of India, issued a permanent provision for the Delhi Mughal Emperor.
May 22/1943 1st jet fighter is tested
21-May-1991 Rajiv Gandhi, Indian Prime Minster (1984-91), assassinated by human bomb explosion plotted by LTTE at Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu, 40 km from Madras, at 10.20 P.M.
19-May-1913 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, President of India, was born.
May 18/1642 Montréal Canada founded
17-May-1498 Admiral Dom Vasco-da-Gama (c.1469-1524)-I, Portuguese navigator, arrived in India. He sailed around the Cape of Good Hope to Calicut, Kerala with three vessels and was the first Westerner to sail to India from Europe
16-May-1932 Hundreds die in fighting between Muslims and Hindus at Bombay
15-May-1817 Maharshi Devendranath Tagore, Bengali social reformer and father of Rabindranath Tagore, was born.
14-May-1657 Dharmavir Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was born on Purandar fort.
13-May-1648 Construction of the Red Fort at Dehli was completed.
May 12/1870 Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
May 11/1690 English troops of W Phips conquer Port Royal Nova Scotia
May 10/1503 Columbus discovers Cayman Islands
9-May-1540 Maharana Pratap, great revolutionary, soldier and freedom fighter, was born.
8-May-1997 India decides to import currency notes for the first time.
4-May-1799 Tipu Sultan is killed in a battle against 5,000 British soldiers who stormed and razed his capital, Seringapatanam.
3-May-1718 Baba Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, great freedom fighter, social reformer and leader, was born at Ahlu village, Lahore.
2-May-1907 Riots break out in Rawalpindi and East Bengal, spreading to the Punjab.
1-May-1886 May Day was first observed in Chicago, USA. Work, Social activities, Rest, for 8 Hours.
30-April-1863 Naval Force East India Comapny was merged with the British Naval Fleet.
29-April-1639 Delhi's Red fort construction commenced by laying the Foundation Stone by Shah Jahan. This fort was completed on May 13, 1646.
28-April-1701 John Norris of Britain met Aurangjeb at Parnela in South India.
27-April-1526 Babur Shah was declared as the Emperor of Dehli.
26-April-1841 Bombay Gazette begins publishing on silk.
Apr 25/1901 New York becomes 1st state requiring auto license plates ($1 fee)
24-April-1858 Kunwar Singh, revolutionary of Indian mutiny and freedom fighter, passed away. He fought his last battle near Jagdishpur, Bihar on April 23, 1858 and defeated the Britishers but was deeply wounded. He also organised the national rebels.
23-April-1930 Riots break out in Peshawar; 20 Indians shot down after killing of three Britishers.
Apr 22/1864 US mints 2¢ coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
21-April-1526 Mughal conqueror Babur Shah (1483-1530) defeats Ibrahim Lodi II, the Lodi Sultan of Delhi, and captures Delhi and the Koh-i-noor diamond, in the First Battle of Panipat. He founded the Mughal dynasty in India (1526-1761), consolidated by his
21-April-1451 Buhlul Khan Lodi, an Afghan and founder of Lodi dynasty, ascends the throne of Delhi and displaced the Alam Shah of Syed dynasty.
20-April-1888 246 reported killed by an hail storm in Moradabad, India.
19-April-1451 Buhlul Khan Lodi, an Afghan of Lodi tribe, marched down upon Delhi.
18-April-1612 Marriage of Shahjahan and Mumtaj Mahal.
17-April-1926 Chandrashekhar, eighth Prime Minister of India, was born.
15-April-1658 Raja Jaswant Singh was defeated at Dharmat. He was sent by Shahjahan and Dara Shukoh to resist Aurangzeb's advance towards Agra.
Apr 14/1792 France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
13-April-1796 The first elephant was brought to America from Bengal, India.
Apr 12/1606 England adopts the Union Jack as its flag
11-April-1913 Iron ropes bridge known as 'Laxman Jhula' was constructed over Ganga at Hrishikesh
10-April-1875 Swami Dayanand Saraswati established the Arya Samaj at Bombay and in 1877 in Lahore.
31-March-1663 Mir Jumla, Mughal Commander, passed away in Bihar.
30-March-1908 Devika Rani, famous film actress, was born.
Mar 29/1848 Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
Mar 28/1556 Origin of Fasli Era (India)
Mar 25/0031 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus
Mar 24/1883 1st telephone call between New York & Chicago
Mar 23/1839 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
mar 22/1888 English Football League established
mar 21/1349 3,000 Jews killed in Black Death riots in Efurt Germany
Mar 20/1602 United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms
mar 18/1965 USSR launches Voshkod 2; Alexei Leonov makes 1st spacewalk (20 minutes)
17-March-1527 Rana Sangram Singh, King of Mewad, fought Babur near Kanwa at Agra and lost the battle and died thereafter. He had vowed not to enter Chittogarh without a victory.
16-March-1527 Rana Sangram Singh, King of Mewad, attacked on Mughal Emperor Babur near Kanwa at Agra.
15-March-1901 Guru Hanuman was born at Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan. He was the pioneer and contributor of wrestling in India. He was bestowed with the Padamshri in 1983. His pupil Satpal and Kartar Singh won Gold Medals in Asian Games.
14-March-1931 First Indian talkie film 'Alam Ara' released at Majestic Cinema, Bombay. Directed by Ardeshir Irani, the film was 11,152 ft. long and was produced by Imperial Film Co., Bombay and beared censored No. 10043 on March 11. The most remarkable th
13-March-1938 Hitler merged Austria in Germany.
11-March-1784 Tipu Sultan and Britishers signed the treaty at Mangalore which is known as the Mangalore treaty. 11-March-1795 Battle at Kurdla India, Mahratten beat Mughals. 11-March-1824 US War Dept creates the Bureau of Indian Affair.
Mar 10/1624 England declares war on Spain
9-March-1500 Pedro Cabral departs from Pourtugol with 13 ships to India.
8-March-1535 Bahadur Shah captured the fort of Chittor and then marched against the Mughal emperor.
Mar 07/1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone
6-March-1508 Emperor Humayun, son of Babar, was born in Kabul.
4-March-1939 Lala Har Dayal, revolutionary, nationalist and freedom fighter, passed away at Philadelphia.
Mar 04/1994 4 Arab terrorist founded guilty of bombing the World Trade Center
Mar 03/0078 Origin of Saka Era (India)
Mar 02/1776 Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
Mar 01/1587 English parliament leader Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
Feb 28/1847 US defeats México in battle of Sacramento
27-February-1803 Great fire in Bombay.
Feb 26/1531 Earthquake in Lisbon Portugal, kills 20,000
feb 24/1821 Mexico gains independence from Spain
23-February-1792 The Third Mysore War ended in Tipu Sultan's signing of Peace Treaty dictated by Lord Cornwallis & surrendering his two sons, Abdul Khaliq & Maiz - Uddin. This is known as Treaty of Seringapatam.
Feb 22/1973 Israeli fighter planes shoot down a civilian Libyan Arab Airlines Boeing 727 killing 108
Feb 21/21-February-1952 General Election ( 1st) of India ends.
feb 20/1811 Austria declares bankruptcy
feb 19/1942 About 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin
Feb 18/1927 US & Canada begin diplomatic relations
Feb 17/1817 1st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
16-February-1994 Military Museum established at Ahmadnagar.
Feb 15/1768 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
Feb 13/1991 US bombs Iraqi air raid shelter, killing 334
Feb 12/1502 Granada Moslems forced to convert to Catholicism
Feb 11/1826 London University founded
10-February-1846 British forces under Hugh Gough defeated Sikhs in the Battle of Sobrahan in India.
9-February-1991 India holds the last decennial census of the century.
8-February-1897 Dr. Zakir Hussain, third President of India and Educationist, was born in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.
Feb 07/1900 Labour Party forms in England
6-February-1949 India to nationalize the estate of Nizam, the world's richest man, from Hyderabad.
feb 04/1642 King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament
Feb 03/1941 Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 year lease)
1848 1st shipload of Chinese arrive in San Francisco
1-February-1835 East India company obtained Darjeeling from the King of Sikkim.
31-January-1561 Akbar's Vajir-E-Ajam 'Bairam Khan' was assassinated at Patan, Gujarat by an Afghan assassin Mubarak Khan Lohani ( whose father was slain by Bairam Khan) in the battle of Machiwara.
Jan 30/1790 Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
Jan 29/1788 Australia Day
28-January-1846 British forcibly separate Kashmir from the Sikhs and sell it to the Maharaja of Jammu for 1,000,000 pounds after the Battle of Allwal.
27-January-1974 President V. V. Giri inaugurated the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Museum and it was opened for public at Teen Murti House, New Delhi.
Jan 26 R-Day Celebrations
25-January-1914 Gandhi reaches agreement with South African Union govt. on treatment of Indian nationals at South Africa.
Jn 24/1962 Jackie Robinson is 1st Black elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
Jan 23/1998 Pope John Paul II condemns US embargo against Cuba
Jan 22/1992 Princess Sarah Ferguson wears paper bag over her head on airline ride
jan 22/1813 Americans capture Frenchtown, Canada
Jan 20/1980 President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of Olympics in Moscow
jan 19/1903 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US & England
jan 18/1923 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
jan 17/1852 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
16-January-1620 Amarsingh I, Rajput's guhilot lineage king of Mewad, died. 16-January-1681 Sambhaji was crowned as the successor of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in a function held at Raigad Fort. 16-January-1818 The Rana of Udaipur signed a treaty with
Jan 15/1831 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run; Mr & Mrs Pierson of Charleston SC make 1st US railroad honeymoon trip
14-January-1641 United East Indian Company conquers city of Malakka, 7,000 killed.
13-January-1709 Bahadhur Shah I defeated his brother Kam Bakhsh at Hydrabad as the Mughal Emperor consolidated his position.
12-January-1708 Shahu was crowned as the Maratha ruler. Shahu, son of Sambhaji, entered Satara and released Aurangzeb's son Azam the previous year.
jan 11/1569 1st recorded lottery in England is drawn at St Paul's Cathedral
Jan 10/1839 Tea from India 1st arrives in UK
jan 09/1718 France declares war on Spain
Jan 08/1981 India all out 63 in one-day international vs Australia
7-January-1761 Third Battle of Panipat: Ahmed Shah Abdali, the ruler of Afghanistan, defeats the Marathas; Maratha imperialism checked.
6-January-1664 Chhatrapati Shivaji attacked on Surat.
Jan 05/1972 West-Pakistani sheik Mujib ur-Rahman freed
Jan 04/1863 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
3-January-1921 First Indian Parliament meets.
Jan 02/1757 British troops occupy Calcutta India
Jan 01/1858 Canada begins using decimal currency system
dec 30/1703 Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die
29-December-1530 Babur's eldest son Humayun ascended the throne. He was, doubtless, a man of parts.
dec 27/1825 1st public railroad using steam locomotive completed in England
dec 26/1932 Earthquake kills 70,000 in Kansu China
Dec 25/0001 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus............ Dec 25/0337 Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th ........Dec 25/0352 1st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
dec 24/1798 Russia & England sign Second anti-French Coalition
dec 23/1917 3 British warships come close to Holland
dec 22/1882 1st string of Christmas tree lights created by Thomas Edison
21-December-1788 Sindhia arrested Gulam Qadir and killed him.
Dec 20/1780 England declares war on Netherlands
dec 19/1891 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
18-December-1971 Bharat Ratna, India's highest award, was given to Indira Gandhi (1917-1984), Prime Minister of India.
17-December-1715 Banda Bahadur Bairagi surrendered at Gurdaspur of Farrukhsiyar to the Mughal army.
dec 15/1791 1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
dec 14/1944 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
Dec 11/1967 6.5 earthquake in West India, 170 killed
dec 10/1901 1st Nobel Peace Prizes (to Jean Henri Dunant, Frederic Passy)
9-December-1658 Dutch troops occupy harbour city Quilon (Coilan), India.
dec 08/1914 British & German fleets battle at Falkland Island
Dec 07/1941 1st Japanese submarine sunk by a US ship (USS Ward)
dec 06/1756 British troops under Robert Clive occupy Fulta India
5-December-1657 Murad proclaimed himself Emperor of India.
dec 04/1534 Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Baghdad
Dec 03/1971 President Nixon commutes Jimmy Hoffa's jail term
2-December-1984 Following the Bhopal Gas disaster on the night of December 2, 1984, the ICMR initiated a series of interdisciplinary investigations on the health of the people with severe, moderate and mild exposure. A Coordinating Unit, which was later r
Dec 01/1935 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
30-November-1974 India, Pakistan decide to end the ten-year trade ban.
Nov 29/1812 Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia
Nov 28/1958 Congo & Mauritania become autonomous members of French Community
27-November-1001 Sultan Mehmud of Ghazni began his first real expedition to India by defeating the Hindu King Jaipal. He won Afghanisthan and Punjab in Peshawar battle. This was the first major Muslim conquest in India.
Nov 26/1949 India adopts a constitution as a British Commonwealth Republic
Nov 25/1963 JFK laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery,
Nov 24/1963 1st live murder on TV-Jack Ruby shoots Lee Harvey Oswald
nov 23/1955 British transfer Cocos (Keeling) Is in Indian Ocean to Australia
22-November-2000 Chhota Rajan, Mumbai gangster, escapes from the custody of Thai authorities.
nov 21/1949 The United Nations grants Libya its independence by 1952
nov 19/1906 London selected to host 1908 Olympics
nov 18/1820 US Navy Captain Nathaniel B Palmer discovers Antarctica
Nov 17/ 1278 - 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
Nov 16/1988 Benazir Bhutto wins 1st free Pakistani elections in 11 years
Nov 15/1977 President Jimmy Carter welcomes Shah of Iran
nov 14/1896 Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation
Nov 13/1970 Cyclone kills estimated 300,000 in Chittagong Bangladesh
12-November-1781 Nagapatnam of South India was captured by the British troops
Nov 11/1968 Maldives (in Indian Ocean) become a republic
Nov 10/1951 1st long distance telephone call without operator assistance
Nov 09/1799 Napoleon becomes dictator (1st consul) of France
Nov 08/1864 Abraham Lincoln elected to his 2nd term as President
1962 Richard Nixon quits politics-You won't have Nixon to kick around
nov 06/1913 Mohandas K Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners march in South Africa
Nov 05/1811 El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence
Nov 04/1939 1st air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Ill
Nov 03/1930 Bank of Italy becomes Bank of America
2-November-1841 Akbar Khan revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan.
Nov 01/1956 Delhi becomes a territory of the Indian union ////1956 Indian state of Madhya Pradesh formed ////1956 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala & PEPSU merge as Punjab protection
Oct 31/1959 Lee Harvey Oswald announces in Moscow he will never return to US
30-October-1883 Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, died in Ajmer.
29-October-1851 British Indian Association was established in Bengal with Radha Kanta Dev as president and Devendranath Tagore as the Secretary.
28-October-1627 Jahangir, Mughal emperor, weak from asthma and no food, died at Bhimghar near Kashmir. He was buried at Shahdara (Lahore) on the banks of the Ravi. During his last days, he remained in the custody of Aurangzeb. ( 28/10 or 7/11).
Oct 27/1775 US Navy established
26-October-1814 British General Governor declared war against Nepal.
oct 25/1986 International Red Cross ousted from South Africa
24-October-1605 Jahangir became the fourth Emperor of Mughal Empire at Agra.
oct 23/1981 US national debt hits $1 trillion
oct 22/1962 JFK imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning missile crisis
21-October-1296 Alauddin Khalji conquered the throne of Delhi. In July declared himself as the Sultan. -----21-October-1959 Chinese and Indian troops clash on Ladakh border.
oct 20/1818 49th parallel established as the border between US & Canada
19-October-1970 First Indian-made MIG-21 handed over to the Air Force. Privy purses and privileges of former Indian rulers abolished.
Oct 18/1898 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
17-October-1903 7th Madras Infantry was re-established as 67th Punjabi Infantary
Oct 16/1986 US govt closes down due to budget problems
Oct 15/1949 Tripura accedes to the Indian union
14-October-1884 Lala Har Dayal, revolutionary, nationalist and freedom fighter, was born at Delhi.
13-October-1240 Radiya Sultan, first lady ruler of Delhi throne, passed away in a battle.
Oct 12/1860 British & French troops capture Peking
11-October-1737 A violent earthquake and cyclone hit Calcutta which claimed 3,00,000 lives
10-October-1990 Marxist extremists set fire to a crowded train in Andhra Pradesh killing more than 60.
9-October-1992 Sukha and Jinda, assassins of former army chief Gen. A. S. Vaidya, hanged in Pune jail.
Oct 08/1775 Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
oct 07/1737 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft & kill 300,000 (Bengal, India)
6-October-1927 First Indian Cinematograph Enquiry Committee, under the chairmanship of Diwan Bahadur T. Rangachariar, was appointed by the Government.
5-October-1676 East India company got authority from the King of England to mint Indian currencies 'Rupee and Paise' coins in Bombay.
4-October-1977 Atal Bihari Vajpayee, External Affairs Minister of India, addressed the UNO General Assembly in Hindi language.
3-October-1831 Britishers captured Mysore.
2-October-1869 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) born to a Bania (trading caste) family at Porbander, Kathiawar. He was the youngest of the three sons of Karamchand alias Kaba Gandhi, Prime Minister successively in Porbunder, Rajkot and Vankaner
Oct 01/1908 Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825)
30-September-1687 Aurangzeb acquired the famous Golconda fort near Hyderabad from the Qutub Shahi Sultan Tana Shah due to the treachery of his General Panni.
29-September-1959 Arati Saha successfully swam the English Channel. She was the first Asian lady to achieve the feat.
sept 28/1867 Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario
Sept 27/1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly
26-September-1932 Dr. Manmohan Singh, former finance minister, economist and Governor of R.B.I., was born.
25-September-1984 Indian Army withdraws from the Golden Temple; repair of Akal Takht complete.
Sept 24/1869 Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold
23-September-1803 British-Indian forces defeated the Marathas in the Battle of Assaye.
22-September-1422 The Sultan, losing his hold over the army and some members of his aristocracy, very wisely abdicated in favour of his brother Ahmad, who is famous in Deccan history as Ahmad Shah Wali.
21-September-1857 Bahadurshah Jafar - II surrendered against the British troops.
sept 20/1854 British & French defeat Russians at Alma, in the Crimea
19-September-1581 Guru Ramdasji died. His son Arjun Dev succeeded him and changed the offerings to the Guru into a regular tax.
sept 18/1759 British capture Qu‚bec during the French & Indian War
17-September-1948 The Nizam of Hyderabad, in a broadcast, announced ceasefire to his troops and accession into Indian Union, which was settled earlier to the announcement.
16-September-1967 Tibetan, Indian and Chinese troops engage in fighting at Natu La pass on the Tibet-Sikkim border.
15-September-1903 Wazir Syed Ali, right-hand batsman and right-arm fast medium bowler, was born at Jalandhar.
14-September-1965 Pakistan Air Force bombs Calcutta and Agartala civilian airports.
13-September-1500 Pedro Alvaris, Portugese businessman, reached Calicut and established the first European factory in India.
12-September-1965 Army fights back heavy Indian tank attacks at Pakistan.
11-September-1948 Mohammad Ali Jinnah, father of Pakistan, died.
Sep 10/1349 Jews who survived a massacre in Constance Germany are burned to death
9-September-1812 The first paper currency was issued by the Bank of Bengal. The notes of this bank were later printed by Perkins, Heath & Co. in England. They can be distinguished into at least 10 different types. They were issued in a wide range of denom
8-September-1935 Asha Bhosle, famous playback singer, was born.
7-September-1906 Bank of India, the first Indian bank, was registered.
6-September-1657 Shahjahan fell ill. His four sons Dara Shikoh, Suja, Aurangzeb and Murad advanced towards Delhi to capture the throne.
5-September-1659 Queen Saibai, wife of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, died.
4-September-1665 Raja Jai Singh treaty of Purandar was signed between the Mughals and Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
3-September-1984 Air Chief Marshal Dilbagh Singh PVSM, AVSM, VM, retired as the Air Officer Commanding, India Command.
2-September-1573 Akbar won the war near Ahmedabad and captured Gujrat.
1-September-1668 Mumbai was handed over to East India Company by King of England.
31-August-1919 Amrita Pritam, Punjabi poet, novelist and Gyanpeeth award winner, was born.
aug 30/1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japan
29-August-1612 Battle at Surat in India; English fleet beats Portuguese.
28-August-1600 Mughals capture Ahmednagar. ....28-August-1973 India and Pakistan signed P.O.W Accord paving way for release of 90,000 Pakistanis.
Aug 27/1526 Mogol King Babur beats sultan of Delhi
26-August-1303 Alauddin Khilji captured Chittorhgarh after defeating Rana Bhim Singh. Before the capture, Padmini, the beautiful queen along with several hundred females, had sacrificed herself in fire (Jouhar Pratha). This whole battle was fought due to
25-August-1959 Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister, declares in New Delhi that India will defend Bhutan and Sikkim if attacked by China.
aug 24/1853 1st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs, NY)
23-August-1573 Akbar left for Agra when he received the report of widespread rebellion. He arrived in Ahmedabad by forced marches on the eleventh day
22-August-1979 Neelam Sanjeev Reddy, President of India, dissolves the sixth Lok Sabha, orders year-end general elections and asks Charan Singh to head a caretaker government.
aug 21/1968 After 5 years Russia once again jams Voice of America radio
20-August-1597 The first ship of the Dutch East India Company returned from Far East.
aug 19/1888 1st beauty contest (Spa, Belgium), 18 yr old West Indian wins
aug 18/1958 Fidel Castro makes a speech on Cuban pirate radio Rebelde
aug 17/1985 Rajiv Gandhi announces Punjab state elections in India
aug 16/1934 US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915)
Aug 15/1947 India becomes independent, Islamic part becomes Pakistan
aug 14/1947 Pakistan gains independence from Britain
13-August-1947 Riots sweep Lahore in Punjab; mobs stone Gandhi's house.
12-August-1602 Abul Fazal, Akbar's minister, was killed on the instructions of Jahangir.
aug 11/1934 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in SF Bay
10-August-1581 Akbar, great Mughal Emperor, won Kabul.
aug 09/1803 1st horses arrive in Hawaii
8-August-1942 'Britishers Quit India', this resolution was announced in public at Bombay Congress Session. This resolution was passed by All Indian National Congress Committee and Gandhiji gave the 'Do or Die' call for Independence struggle.
aug 07/1820 1st potatoes planted in Hawaii
Aug 05/1945 Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Aug 6th in Japan)
Aug 04/1914 Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
3-August-1780 British officer captain Bruce conquered Gwalior fort under Major Popham after defeating Sindhiya
Aug 02/1696 Mahmud I Ottoman sultan, fought Austrians & Russians
july 31/1813 British invade Plattsburgh, NY
30-July-1947 The part of Kashmir, North West Frontier Provience (NWFP), was swallowed up by Pakistan. The formality of raising the flag being done in November.
29-July-1876 Indian Science Congress Association was established in Bowbazar Street of Calcutta.
28-July-1921 Congress decided to boycott the visit of Prince of Wales in India.
27-July-1949 Agreement reached on the ceasefire line in Kashmir.
26-July-1614 Jahangir captured Mewar from Rana Amar Singh. A treaty was signed. In the Mughal court, Rana and his son were treated with exceptional courtesy.
25-July-1955 Indian Government declared in Lok Sabha that Portuguese's were asked to close their offices in New Delhi.
23-July-1555 Humayun reconquered Delhi after defeating Sher - Shar Alias Sikandar Suri in Machiwara and Sarhind battles. It is said that he won the crown but not the empire.
july 22/1981 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced in a Rome to life
21-July-1658 Aurangzeb celebrated his being the emperor of Mugal Empire at Delhi. He was informally enthroned
July 20/1970 1st baby born on Alcatraz Island
19-July-1987 Rajiv Gandhi,Congress President, expels V.P. Singh from Congress and orders probe into Ajitabh Bachhan's property abroad.
18-July-1857 The Calcutta, Mumbai and Madras Universities were established
17-July-1489 Nizam Shah became the Sultan of Dehli.
16-July-1856 Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar, on the request of Governor Lord Canning, instituted a law announcing the right of Hindu widows for re-marriage.
15-July-1788 Ghulam Kadir, the infamous son of Jabita Khan, conquered Delhi
14-July-1636 Aurangzeb was appointed as Shahjahan by Viceroy of Deccan.
july 12/1962 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)
11-July-1973 India frees 438 Pakistani prisoners on medical grounds.
10-July-1909 Gandhiji arrives in London with the assistance of Lord Ampthill and works ceaselessly to educate influential British leaders and the public, and also to move Imperial authorities.
9-July-1875 The Bombay Stock Exchange, the first in India, was constructed under the shade of a large banyan tree.
8-July-1497 Vasco De Gama departed with his fleet from Lisbon Harbour for a trip to India .
7-July-1763 Britishers declared Mir Jafer as Nawab of Bengal.
july 06/1923 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics formed
5-July-1658 Aurangzeb arrested Murad.
4-July-1985 Police inquiry said bombs caused Air India jet disaster in New Delhi.
jul 01/1997 China regains sovereignty of Hong Kong
29-June-1998 Government decides to grant full statehood for Delhi and create three new States namely Uttaranchal, Vananchal and Chattisgarh.
28-June-1975 As a response to anti-government demonstrations, India imposes the toughest press censorship since independence.
Jun 26/1975 Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency
25-June-1658 6th Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb arrested his father Shahjahan and put him in Agra Fort Jail.
24-June-1763 Murshidabad was captured by the East India Company under Major Adams for the second time, and Mir Jaffar was declared the King.
June 23/1985 Air India jet crashes near Ireland, 329 killed
22-June-1555 Humayun crossed the Indus and captured Lahore and ousted Sikandar Suri of Delhi throne.
21-June-1576 Mughal army defeated Rana Pratapsingh in the battle of Haldighat.
june 20/1963 US & USSR agree to set up "Hot Line"
Maine is the only state that borders on only one state
19-June-1979 Morarji Desai resigns after split in Janata Party.
18-June-1658 Aurangzeb managed to capture the Agra Fort and later arrested his father Emperor Shahjahan.
17-June-1674 Jijabai, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, died.
16-June-1605 Akbar (Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din), Mughal emperor of India (1556-1605), passed away of diarrhoea or dysentery at the age of 63 years. At Akbar's graveside, stood conspicious in his simplicity, Jesuit priest Father Xavier who always remained his
15-June-1659 Aurangzeb declared as the Emperor at Delhi.
june 14/1775 US Army founded
Jun 13/1990 Boeing 767 sets nonstop commercial flight, Seattle to Narobi Kenya
12-June-1897 Possibly the most severe quake in history strikes Assam, shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (negligible death toll).
A man's respect for law and order exists in precise relationship to the size of his paycheck. Adam Clayton Powell Jr
11-June-1976 Indira Gandhi and Brezhnev sign the Moscow Declaration of Friendship and Cooperation.
June 01/1941 Germany bans all Catholic publications
may 31/0070 Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
30-May-1919 Rabindranath Tagore returned back the honour as a protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
29-May-1658 Dara Shukoh was utterly defeated by Aurangzeb in the battle of Samugarh near Agra.
may 28/1937 Golden Gate Bridge in San Fransisco opens to vehicular traffic
27-May-1964 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister and architect of modern India, passed away at the age of 74.
24-May-1557 Sikandar Sur was compelled to surrender Mankot in Punjab
23-May-1947 The U.K. Cabinet today took the historic step of agreeing to Lord Mountbatten's proposal for the partition of India into two states, one Muslim and the other Hindu. The Viceroy is to have a series of talks with Lord Listowel, the Secretary for
may 22/1570 1st atlas, with 70 maps, published
may 21/1840 New Zealand became a British colony
may 20/1989 China declares martial law in Beijing
19-May-1993 Government decides to merge Vayudut with Indian Airlines.
17-May-1540 Sher Shah defeated Humayun for the second time at Hardoi in U.P. in the battle of Kanauj
16-May-1932 Hundreds die in fighting between Muslims and Hindus at Bombay -
15-May-1873 The proposal to dissolve East India Company was passed in England.
14-May-1960 The first plane of India flew upto New York.
13-May-1648 Construction of the Red Fort at Dehli was completed.
7-May-1907 The First Electric Tramway service commenced in Bombay (Mumbai). This service was inaugurated by Municipality Chairman Vallabhdas Thakersey and Municipal Commissioner Sheppard at 5.30 p.m. This tram was well decorated and destined from Municipa
5-May-1916 Giani Zail Singh, President of India, was born in Sandhwan village, Punjab.
4-May-1799 Tipu Sultan is killed in a battle against 5,000 British soldiers who stormed and razed his capital, Seringapatanam.
3-May-1718 Baba Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, great freedom fighter, social reformer and leader, was born at Ahlu village, Lahore.
2-May-1930 Riots break out in Amritsar.
1-May-1948 Baroda State merged into Bombay Province.
30-April-1863 Naval Force East India Comapny was merged with the British Naval Fleet.
29-April-1639 Delhi's Red fort construction commenced by laying the Foundation Stone by Shah Jahan. This fort was completed on May 13, 1646.
28-April-1701 John Norris of Britain met Aurangjeb at Parnela in South India.
26-April-1841 Bombay Gazette begins publishing on silk.
apr 25/1881 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
24-April-1858 Kunwar Singh, revolutionary of Indian mutiny and freedom fighter, passed away. He fought his last battle near Jagdishpur, Bihar on April 23, 1858 and defeated the Britishers but was deeply wounded. He also organised the national rebels.
23-April-1930 Riots break out in Peshawar; 20 Indians shot down after killing of three Britishers.
apr 22/1864 US mints 2¢ coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
21-April-1993 India announces establishing proof in Pakistan's complicity in Bombay bomb blasts.
20-April-1971 Air India started Boing 707 Jumbo Jet flight between Bombay and London.
19-April-1993 Sanjay Dutt, film star, was held under TADA for possessing an AK-56 rifle.
18-April-1612 Marriage of Shahjahan and Mumtaj Mahal.
16-April-1801 Warrior Vithoji Holkar of Peshwa kingdom was assassinated.
15-April-1658 Raja Jaswant Singh was defeated at Dharmat. He was sent by Shahjahan and Dara Shukoh to resist Aurangzeb's advance towards Agra.
apr 14/1989 1,100,000,000th Chinese born
13-April-1699 Khalsa Panth established .--------------13-April-1919 Jallianwala Baug massacre
apr 12/1654 England, Ireland & Scotland unite
11-April-1942 All-India Congress party rejects British offer of dominion status at New Delhi.
10-April-1995 Morarji Ranchhodji Desai, first non-Congress Prime Minister of India (1977-79) and Chief Minister of Bombay, passed away at the age of 99. He was awarded with Bharat Ratna.
9-April-1783 Tipu Sultan drives out English from Bednoor, India.
8-April-1998 India enters into a historical partnership with France with the formal launch of a joint programme for restoring and protecting the Taj Mahal.
7-April-1818 British Government imposed 'State Prisoners Regulation III -1818' for detention and deportion of political prisoners and revolutionaries without any trial. This black act was in force till 1947 when India got independence.
6-April-1606 Khusru Prince and his father Jahangir rebelled and fled from Agra.
apr 05/1614 Indian princess Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe
apr 04/1905 Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 370,000
Apr 03/1933 1st airplane flight over Mount Everest
apr 02/1944 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
apr 01/1936 Orissa constitutes a province of British India
31-March-1913 Foundation stone of 'Gateway of India' was laid by Sir George Sydneham Clerk.
30-March-1923 New financial measures come into force, including restoration of Salt Tax.
29-March-1849 Maharaj Dulip Singh left the throne of Punjab that once belonged to his late father Ranjit Singh and was then occupied by the East India Company. The Britishers had captured it after defeating the Sikh Army at Amritsar.
mar 28/1556 Origin of Fasli Era (India)
mar 27/1941 Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years
24-March-1855 First long distance telegram message was opened between Agra and Calcutta at a distance of 1,300 km.
mar 23/1956 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
mar 22/1922 British court sentences Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years in prison
mar 21/1977 Indira Gandhi resigns as Prime Minister of India
mar 21/1349 3,000 Jews killed in Black Death riots in Efurt Germany
20-March-1994 Pakistan closes down its consulate in Bombay.
mar 19/1831 1st US bank robbery (City Bank, New York/$245,000)
mar 18/1944 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
17-March-1527 Rana Sangram Singh, King of Mewad, fought Babur near Kanwa at Agra and lost the battle and died thereafter. He had vowed not to enter Chittogarh without a victory.
16-March-1527 Rana Sangram Singh, King of Mewad, attacked on Mughal Emperor Babur near Kanwa at Agra.
15-March-1901 Guru Hanuman was born at Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan. He was the pioneer and contributor of wrestling in India. He was bestowed with the Padamshri in 1983. His pupil Satpal and Kartar Singh won Gold Medals in Asian Games.
14-March-1993 India seeks Interpol's assistance in investigating the sources of bomb blasts in Bombay.
mar 12/1993 317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay
11-March-1795 Battle at Kurdla India, Mahratten beat Mughals.
mar 10/1624 England declares war on Spain
9-March-1966 India yields to Sikh demand for Punjab-speaking state.
8-March-1535 Bahadur Shah captured the fort of Chittor and then marched against the Mughal emperor
mar 07/1977 Ali Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party wins elections
mar 05/1959 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
4-March-1997 Govt. not to print Re. 1 , Rs. 2 & Rs. 5 currency notes any more, as these three denominations have been coinised.
mar 03/0078 Origin of Saka Era (India)
mar 02/1962 JFK announces US will resume above ground nuclear testing
Mar 01/0001 -BC- Start of revised Julian calendar in Rome
feb 28/1997 Earthquake in Pakistan, kills 45
27-February-1854 Lord Dalhousie captured Jhansi under the East India Company.
feb 26/1952 PM Winston Churchill announces that Britain has its own atomic bomb
25-February-1586 King Birbal, renowned wit and one amongst the 'Navratna' of Emperor Akbar's Court, died in a war with Usuf Jard Kabile.
feb 23/1903 Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA
23-February-1969 Madhubala, famous Hindi film actress, passed away.
feb 22/1973 Israeli fighter planes shoot down a civilian Libyan Arab Airlines Boeing 727 killing 108
21-February-1959 Press Club of India was founded in New Delhi.
feb 20/1846 British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
feb 19/1944 823 British bombers attack Berlin
feb 18/3102 -BC- Origin of Kali Era (India)
feb 17/1817 1st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
16-February-1927 Rail service started between India and Nepal.
feb 15/1942 Singapore surrenders to the Japanese
feb 14/1929 St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago IL, 7 gangsters killed
feb 13/1861 Abraham Lincoln declared President
feb 12/1502 Granada Moslems forced to convert to Catholicism
feb 11/1990 Nelson Mandela (political prisoner-27 years) freed in South Africa
10-February-1931 Capital of India shifted from Old Delhi to New Delhi, formal inauguration of New Delhi City took place.
9-February-1757 In a treaty between Lord Clive and Siraj Ud Daulah, Clive was authorised to safe guard (Killa Bandi) and open mint at Calcutta. Nawab had paid compensation to British Army.
8-February-1936 Jawaharlal Nehru elected president of Indian National Congress.
feb 07/1584 Last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia & Holy Roman empire
feb 05/1988 1st prime-time wrestling match in 30 years-Andre beats Hulk Hogan
feb 04/1971 British car maker Rolls Royce declared itself bankrupt
feb 03/1690 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Massachusetts)
feb 02/1933 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves Parliament
1-February-1835 East India company obtained Darjeeling from the King of Sikkim.
31-January-1561 Akbar's Vajir-E-Ajam 'Bairam Khan' was assassinated at Patan, Gujarat by an Afghan assassin Mubarak Khan Lohani ( whose father was slain by Bairam Khan) in the battle of Machiwara.
jan 30/1713 England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty
Jan 29/1834 President Jackson orders 1st use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute
28-January-1846 British forcibly separate Kashmir from the Sikhs and sell it to the Maharaja of Jammu for 1,000,000 pounds after the Battle of Allwal.
27-January-1974 President V. V. Giri inaugurated the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Museum and it was opened for public at Teen Murti House, New Delhi.
25-January-1957 Kashmir becomes Indian state. ...
Jan 24/1939 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile
Jan 23/0638 Start of Islamic calendar
Jan 22/1946 US President sets up CIA, Central Intelligence Agency
Jan 21/1908 New York City NY regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public
Jan 19/1919 "Tidal wave" of molasses 15 meters high x 25 meters wide kills dozens, Boston
Jan 18/1951 1st use of lie detector in Netherlands
Jan 17/1861 Flush toilet (with separate water tank and a pull chain) patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)
16-January-1681 Sambhaji was crowned as the successor of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in a function held at Raigad Fort.
Jan 14/1641 United East Indian Company conquerors city of Malakka, 7,000 killed
13-January-1709 Bahadhur Shah I defeated his brother Kam Bakhsh at Hydrabad as the Mughal Emperor consolidated his position.
12-January-1757 Captain Eyre Coote from the Portuguese was captured in Bandel.
jan 11/1959 Hanif Mohammad completes 499 for Karachi, then 1st class world record
jan 10/1839 Tea from India 1st arrives in UK
jan 09/1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
Jan 08/1981 India all out 63 in one-day international vs Australia
7-January-1858 The hearing of the case began that was filed against the last Mughal Emperor Bahadhur Shah II for taking part in the first armed revolution against the British.
6-January-1989 Satwant Singh (24) and Kehar Singh (54) executed for the murder case of Smt. Indira Gandhi in Tihar Jail at New Delhi.
Jan 05/1961 US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
Jan 04/1932 British East Indies Viceroy Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru
3-January-1921 First Indian Parliament meets.
Jan 02/1757 British troops occupy Calcutta India
Jan 01/0045 -BC- Origin of Julian Era; Julian calendar begins . Jan 01/0038 -BC- Origin of Era of Spain (Cesars) Jan 01/0030 -BC- Origin of Actian Era Jan 01/0001 -BC- Origin of Era of Pisa Jan 01/0001 Origin of Christian Era
dec 31/1600 British East India Company chartered
dec 30/1703 Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die
29-December-1530 Babur's eldest son Humayun ascended the throne. He was, doubtless, a man of parts.
dec 27/1934 Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran
dec 26/1878 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
dec 25/0337 Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
dec 24/1990 Saddam says Israel will be Iraq's 1st target
dec 23/1961 Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62 million worth of food & medical supplies
Dec 22/1994 Sardar Joginder Singh Tatla passed away.
21-December-1911 Central Bank of India established.
dec 20/1942 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
dec 19/1978 Indira Gandhi ambushed in India
18-December-1971 Bharat Ratna, India's highest award, was given to Indira Gandhi (1917-1984), Prime Minister of India.
17-December-1929 Bhagat Singh and Rajguru killed Sanders, Asst. Suprintendent of Police.
dec 16/1862 Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
dec 15/1792 1st life insurance policy issued in US (Philadelphia)
dec 14/1927 Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
dec 13/1642 New Zealand discovered by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman
dec 12/1858 1st Canadian coins circulated (1¢, 5¢, 10¢ & 20¢)
aug 17/1985 Rajiv Gandhi announces Punjab state elections in India
aug 16/1963 Independence is restored to Dominican Republic
aug 15/1947 India becomes independent, Islamic part becomes Pakistan
aug 14/1893 France issues 1st driving licenses, included required test
13-August-1947 Riots sweep Lahore in Punjab; mobs stone Gandhi's house
12-August-1602 Abul Fazal, Akbar's minister, was killed on the instructions of Jahangir.
aug 11/1934 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in SF Bay
10-August-1581 Akbar, great Mughal Emperor, won Kabul.
aug 09/1945 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
aug 08/1868 Quake destroys Arica Chile
Aug 05/1914 US, Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US
Aug 04/1942 The British government charges that Mohandas Gandhi and his All-Indian Congress Party favor "appeasement" with Japan
3-August-1780 British officer captain Bruce conquered Gwalior fort under Major Popham after defeating Sindhiya
Aug 01/1990 Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait
30-July-1987 Rajiv Gandhi escaped an attack on him at Colombo.
29-July-1980 India won Gold Medal in Hockey at Moscow Olympics
28-July-1972 India and Pakistan sign Simla Pact, settling border dispute in Kashmir
27-July-1889 Branch of Indian National Congress, 'British India Committee' , was established under the leadership of Dadabhai Navroji
26-July-1614 Jahangir captured Mewar from Rana Amar Singh. A treaty was signed. In the Mughal court, Rana and his son were treated with exceptional courtesy.
25-July-1982 Gyani Zail Singh became 7th President of India. He held the office till July 25, 1987
july 24/1985 Gandhi signs peace contract with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai
23-July-1906 Chandrashekhar Azad, great freedom revolutionery and leader, was born at Jhabra, Madhya Pradesh.
july 22/1981 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca, 23, was sentenced to life imprisonment for hisattempted assassination of Pope John Paul II in May of this year
21-July-1658 Aurangzeb celebrated his being the emperor of Mugal Empire at Delhi. He was informally enthroned
july 20/1951 Abdullah Ibn Hussein Jordan's King assassinated in Jerusalem
19-July-1974 Udham Singh's, revolutionary, ashes brought to Delhi from London.
18-July-1857 The Calcutta, Mumbai and Madras Universities were established.
17-July-1489 Nizam Shah became the Sultan of Dehli.
16-July-1992 Shankar Dayal Sharma is appointed President
15-July-1788 Ghulam Kadir, the infamous son of Jabita Khan, conquered Delhi.
14-July-1994 Veerappan, Sandalwood smuggler, declared 'proclaimed offender.'
july 13/1854 US forces shell & burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
july 12/1290 Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I
july 11/1812 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
11-July-2000 Amrita Pritam, noted litterateur, honoured with the highest award for Punjabi literature for the century--``Shatabdi Samman.''
9-July-1969 India accepted 'Royal Bengal Tiger' as its National Animal, as recommended by the Indian Wild life Board. This Tiger is also known as the majestic tiger - panthere tigris
8-July-1954 Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India, inaugurated world's longest Bhakra-Nangal Dam canal at Punjab
7-July-1799 Ranjit Singh captured Lahore in Punjab from Sikh rulers
July 06/1483 England's King Richard III crowned
5-July-1984 Indian Airlines airbus hijacked, lands in Lahore
4-July-1789 British East India Company signed a treaty with the Nizam of Hydrabad and Peshwa of Pune against Tipu Sultan, King of Mysore, on the understanding that a cavalry of 10,000 would attack Tipu's territory and the conquered area would be divided a
3-July-1661 Portugal gives Tanger & Bombay to English King Charles II.
2-July-1972 Shimla Treaty' was singed between Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and her Pakistani counterpart Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
july 01/1997 China regains sovereignty of Hong Kong
june 30/1914 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest, campaigning for Indian rights in S Africa
29-June-1757 Mir Zafar was installed on the throne as the Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orrisa from Murshidabad.
28-June-1975 As a response to anti-government demonstrations, India imposes the toughest press censorship since independence
june 27/1930 P Parchomenko discovers asteroid #1166 Sakuntala
june 26/1975 Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency
25-June-1658 6th Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb arrested his father Shahjahan and put him in Agra Fort Jail
24-June-1763 Murshidabad was captured by the East India Company under Major Adams for the second time, and Mir Jaffar was declared the King.
22-June-1555 Humayun crossed the Indus and captured Lahore and ousted Sikandar Suri of Delhi throne
21-June-1576 Mughal army defeated Rana Pratapsingh in the battle of Haldighat.
june 19/1997 Indian Prime Minister and his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif, spoke for first time on restored hotline, to reiterate their committment to comprehensive dialogue, including Kashmir.
june 18/1658 Aurangzeb managed to capture the Agra Fort and later arrested his father Emperor Shahjahan.
june 17/1674 Jijabai, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, died.
june 16/1951 Nehru opponents founded People's party at New Delhi
june 15/1659 Aurangzeb declared as the Emperor at Delhi
june 14/1841 1st Canadian parliament opens in Kingston, Ontario
june 14/1944 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) buzz-bomb attacks
june 12/1960 - 783 Sikhs are arrested while demonstrating for an independent Sikh state in New Delhi.
june 11/1976 Indira Gandhi and Brezhnev sign the Moscow Declaration of Friendship and Cooperation.
june 11/1967 Israel, Syria, Jordan, Iraq & Egypt end "6-Day War" with UN help
june 09/1898 China leases Hong Kong's new territories to Britain for 99 years
june 08/1948 Malabar Princess', Air India's first international flight, takes off from Bombay to London via Cairo and Geneva. This was weekly air service was started between India to United Kingdom.
june 07/1606 Guru Arjundev, fifth Guru of Sikhs, passed away.
june 06/1984 - 1,200 die in Sikh "Golden Temple" uprising India
June 05/1984 Operation 'Blue Star' was launched by Indira Gandhi. Indian commandos stormed into Sikh's holiest gurudwara Golden Temple in Amritsar to flush out the terrorists and other anti-government elements. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and over 325 peop
june 04/780 -BC- 1st total solar eclipse reliably recorded by Chinese
june 03/1989 Troops in China shoot & kill 100s of students demonstrating for democracy in Tiananmen Square, Beijing
June2/1756 Fort William, the English stronghold in Bengal, was surrendered to Siraj-ud-Daulah
june 01/1786 Madras General Post Office started functioning.
may 31/1879 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
May 30/1908 1st federal workmen's compensation law approved
may 29/1936 Gandhi's eldest son creates a controversy as he converts to the Muslim faith
may 28/1964 Jawaharlal Nehru cremated in New Dehli
may 27/1964 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister and architect of modern India, passed away at the age of 74.
may 26/1824 Brazil is recognized by US
may 24/1956 Gautam Buddha's 2500th birth anniversary was celebrated.
may 23/1997 The body of controversial former chief of Tarn Taran district police Ajit Singh Sandhu is recovered from rail tracks near Bhakharpur About 30 km from Chandigarh
may 21/1683 West Indian Company sells 1/3 of Suriname
May 20/1902 The U.S. military occupation of Cuba ends.
may 19/1971 Indian Navy's first submarine station started at 'Veer Bahu' in Visakhapatanam.
may 18/1974 India becomes sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb.
may 17/1857 Bahadhur Shah II declared as the emperor of India.
may 16/1932 Hundreds die in fighting between Muslims and Hindus at Bombay.
may 15/1995 Government of India decides not to extend the validity of TADA Act.
may 14/1996 H.D. Deve Gowda elected leader of the third front as its prime ministerial candidate.
May 13/1952 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru again becomes the Prime Minister of India and forms a new union ministry
may 12/1935 Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by "Bill W.," a stockbroker, and "Dr. Bob S.," a heart surgeon
may 11/1857 Indian mutineers seize Delhi.
may 10/1857 The Bengal Army in India revolts against the British.
may 10/1502 Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his final trip to New World.
may 08/1930 Gandhi followers mob Bombay to protest his arrest
may 07/1274 The Second Council of Lyons opens in France to regulate the election of the pope.
may 06/1529 Babur defeats the Afgan Chiefs in the Battle of Ghagra, India.
may 05/1494 Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica, which he names Santa Gloria.
may 04/1930 Mahatma Gandhi is arrested by the British.
may 03/1979 Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman prime minister of Great Britain.
may 02/1670 The Hudson Bay Company is founded
may 01/1927 Adolf Hitler holds his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
apr 30/1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker. Karl Donitz becomes his successor.
apr 29/1289 Qala'un, the Sultan of Egypt, captures Tripoli
Apr 28/1902 Revolution breaks out in the Dominican Republic
Apr/27/1978 The Afghanistan revolution begins.
apr/26/1929 The first non-stop flight from England to India is completed.
Apr 23/1969 Sirhan Sirhan is sentenced to death for killing Senator Robert Kennedy.
Apr 20/1770 Captain Cook discovers Australia
Apr/18/1604-In ancient times, it was believed that certain colours could combat the evil spirits that lingered over nurseries. Because blue was associated with the heavenly spirits, boys were clothed in that colour, boys then being considered the most val
Apr/16/556 Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
America's first space shuttle, Columbia, returns to Earth.
An oxygen tank explodes on Apollo 13, preventing a planned moon landing and jeopardizing the lives of the three-man crew.
The first catcher's mask is used in a baseball game.
Apr/10/1000-World population 300 million. Scandinavia and Hungary converted to Christianity. Leif Ericson lands in North America, calling it Vinland. Gunpowder invented in China.
The Japanese battleship Yamato, the world's largest battleship, is sunk during the battle for Okinawa
The United States declares war on Germany and enters World War I on Allied side.
1930 Mahatma Ghandi defies British law by making salt in India instead of buying it from the British.
Apr 03/1862 Slavery is abolished in Washington, D.C.
Apr 02/1982 Argentina invades the British-owned Falkland Islands
Apr 01/1918 England's Royal Air Force is formed
Mar 31/1889 The Eiffel Tower in Paris officially opens on the Left Bank as part of the Exhibition of 1889
Mar 30/1870 The 15th amendment, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, passes
mar 29/1867 The United States purchases Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million dollars
Mar 28/54 Britain and France declare war on Russia
Mar 27/1884 The first long-distance telephone call is made from Boston to New York
Mar 25/0031 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus
Mar 24/1837 Canada gives blacks the right to vote
Mar 23/1775 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"
Mar 22/1903 Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought
Mar 21/1843 Preacher William Miller of Massachusetts predicts the world will end today
Mar 20/1602 United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms
Mar 19/1935 The British fire on 20,000 Muslims in India, killing 23.
Mar 18/1922 Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India
Mar 17/1959 The Dalai Lama flees Tibet and goes to India.
Mar 16/1527 The Emperor Babur defeats the Rajputs at the Battle of Kanvaha, removing the main Hindu rivals in Northern India.
Mar 15/44 BC Julius Caesar is assassinated by high-ranking Roman Senators.
Mar 14/1900 United States currency goes on the gold standard
Mar 12/1496 Jews are expelled from Syria
Mar 11/1810 Emperor Napoleon married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise
Mar 10/1922 Mahatma Gandhi was arrested by the British governors of India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years imprisonment.
Mar 09/1959 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
Mar 08/1957 Israeli troops leave Egypt; Suez Canal re-opened for minor ships
Mar 06/1977 Ali Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party wins elections
Mar 05/1996 Khandkar Mushtaque Ahmed died at age 77. A member of the Bangladesh Awami League, he was Bangladesh's first foreign minister after the nation became independent in 1971
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Mar 04/1944 1st US bombing of Berlin
Mar 03/0078 Origin of Saka Era (India)
Mar 02/1916 Canada's original Parliament building, in Ottawa, burns down
Mar 01/1790 1st US census authorized
Feb 29/1940 Hattie McDaniel becomes 1st black woman to win an Oscar
Feb 28/1961 JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor
Feb 27/1557 1st Russian Embassy opens in London
Feb 26/1797 Bank of England issues 1st £1-note
Feb 25/1998 Switzerland's 1st legal brothel opens in Zurich
Feb 24/1821 Mexico gains independence from Spain
Feb 23/1689 Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
Feb 22/0057 -BC- Origin of Vikrama Samvat Era (India
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Feb 21/1972 Richard Nixon arrives in Beijing, China, becoming the first U.S. president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the U.S.
Feb 20/1792 The U.S. Postal Service is created
Feb 19/1966 Robert F. Kennedy suggests the United States offer the Vietcong a role in governing South Vietnam
Feb 18/1932 Manchurian independence is formally declared
Feb 17/1938 The first color television is demonstrated at the Dominion Theatre in London.
Feb 16/1846 Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
Feb 15/1946 Royal Canadian mounted police arrest 22 as Soviet spies.
Feb 14- Valentine`s day
Feb 13/1970 Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi
Feb 12/1989- 5 Pakistani Moslem rioters killed protesting "Satanic Verses" novel
Feb 11/1990 Nelson Mandela (political prisoner-27 years) freed in South Africa
Feb 10/1846- British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
Feb 09/1904 Japan declares war on Russia
Feb 08/1924 The gas chamber is used for the first time to execute a murderer
Feb 07/1983 Iran opens an invasion in the southeast of Iraq
Feb 06/1778 England declares war on France
Feb 05/1783 Sweden recognizes U.S. independence
Feb 04/1988 Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega indicted on drug charges
Feb 03/1980 Muhammed Ali tours Africa as President Carter`s envoy
Feb 02/1653 New Amsterdam becomes a city (later New York NY)
Feb 01/1909 U.S. troops leave Cuba after installing Jose Miguel Gomez as president.
Jan 31/1972 The King of Nepal, King Mahendra (1955-72) died. His son, Birendra (b. 1945), succeeded him and remains monarch. In 1991 Nepal became a constitutional monarchy.
Jan 30/1948 Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi was assassinated. Gandhi was assasinated by a Hindu extremist who opposed his efforts to reconcile Hindus and Muslims in newly independent India
Jan 29/1980 6 Iranian held US hostages escape with help of the Canadians
Jan 28/1846 Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)
Jan 27/1948 1st tape recorder sold
Jan 26/1929 Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India`s independence----1950 India becomes a republic ceasing to be a British dominion
Jan 25/1955 Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock that is accurate to within one second in 300 years.
Jan 24/1951 Indian leader Nehru demands that the UN name Peking as an aggressor in Korea.
jan 23/1950 Jerusalem becomes the official capital of Israel.
Jan 22/1905 Russian troops fire on civilians beginning Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg.
Jan 21/1958 The Soviet Union calls for a ban on nuclear arms in Baghdad Pact countries.
Jan 20/1981 Ronald Reagan is sworn in as president at the same time 52 American hostages are released from their captors in Tehran, Iran
Jan 19/1937 Howard Hughes flies from Los Angeles to New York in seven hours and 22 minutes
Jan 18/1948 Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi broke a five day fast
Jan 17/1991 The Persian Gulf War begins as Coalition planes strike targets in Iraq and Kuwait.
Jan 16/1979 The Shah leaves Iran
Jan 15/1913 The first telephone line between Berlin and New York is inaugurated
Jan 14/1929 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
Jan 13/1915 Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 30,000 -
Jan 12/1493 Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily
Jan 11/1904 - British troops massacre 1,000 dervishes in Somaliland
Jan 10/1863 London`s Underground begins operations
Jan 09/1964 U.S. forces kill six Panamanian students protesting in the canal zone
Jan 08/1926 Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa`ud becomes king of Hejaz; renames it Saudi Arabia
Jan 07/1987 Kapil Dev takes his 300th Test wicket, at 28 the youngest
Jan 05/1859 1st steamboat sails, Red River
Jan 04/1902 France offers to sell their Nicaraguan Canal rights to the United States
Jan 03/1959 Fidel Castro takes command of the Cuban army.
Jan 02/1758 The French begin bombardment of Madras, India.
Jan 01/1959 Fidel Castro seizes power in Cuba as General Fulgencio Batista flees
Dec 31/1915 The Germans torpedo the British liner Persia without any warning killing 335 passengers.
Dec 30/1985 Pakistani President Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq lifted martial law. Zia seized power in 1977, executed the former president and ruled with an iron hand until his death in an airplane crash in 1988. In addition to strengthening Pakistan`s military and
Dec 29/1849 Gas lighting is installed in the White House.
Dec 28/1846 Iowa is admitted as the 29th State of the Union.
Dec 27/1975 An explosion and flooding in a mine in India`s Bihar State killed more than 400 miners.
Dec 26/03-1979 The Soviet Union flies 5,000 troops to intervene in the Afghanistan conflict.
Dec 25 -Merry Christmas! Christmas is the festival celebrating the birth of Christ and is observed in most countries on December 25. Christmas is sometimes called Yule (from the Anglo-Saxon) or Noel (from the French). Christian churches throughout the wo
Dec 24/1963 New York`s Idlewild Airport is renamed JFK Airport in honor of the murdered President Kennedy
Dec 23/1939 The first Canadian troops arrive in Britain.
Dec 22/1966 The United States announces the allocation of 900,000 tons of grain to fight the famine in India
Dec 21/1964 Great Britain`s House of Commons votes to ban the death penalty.
Dec 20/1924 Adolf Hitler is released from prison after serving less than one year of a five year sentence for treason
Dec 19/1978 Former (and future) Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was expelled by the Indian Parliament and ordered to jail. This was her second brief jail stint stemming from corruption charges. The daughter of India`s first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, M
Dec 18/1961 India annexes Portuguese colonies of Goa, Damao & Diu
Dec 17/1903 At 10:35 AM, 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight (Orville Wright)
Dec 16/1862 Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
Dec 15/1964 Canada adopts maple leaf flag
Dec 14/03-Saddam Hussain captured.
Dec 13/1940 Adolf Hitler issues preparations for Operation Martita, the German invasion of Greece
Dec 12/1858 1st Canadian coins circulated (1¢, 5¢, 10¢ & 20¢)
Dec 11/1816 Indiana becomes 19th state
Dec 10/1901 1st Nobel Peace Prizes (to Jean Henri Dunant, Frederic Passy)The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded on December 10, the date of Alfred Nobel`s 1896 deat
Dec 09/1658 Dutch troops occupy harbor city Quilon (Coilan) India
Dec 08/1980 John Lennon is shot to death outside his Manhattan apartment building
Dec 07/03-1941 Japanese planes raid Pearl Harbor in a surprise attack.
Dec 06/1934 Italian and Ethiopian troops clash at the Ualual on disputed the Somali-Ethiopian border
Dec 05/1978 The Soviet Union and the communist regime in Afghanistan signed a twenty year friendship pact. This followed the overthrow and execution of Afghan President Daoud Khan in April. Nur Mohammed Taraki headed the newly established Marxist regime a
Dec 04/1990 Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages
Dec 03/1967 1st human heart transplant performed (Dr Christiaan Barnard, South Africa)
Dec 02/1989 Vishwanath Pratap Singh sworn in as President of India
Dec 01/1931 - Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
Nov 30/1974 India and Pakistan decide to end a 10-year trade ban
Nov 29/1939 Soviet planes bomb an airfield at Helsinki, Finland.
Nov 28/1895 - America`s 1st auto race starts; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner averages 7 MPH
Nov 27/1971 - Soviet Mars 2 becomes 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
Nov 26/2001 Nepalese King Gyanendra declared a state of emergency and authorized the military to pursue and attack Maoist rebels. The declaration followed a violent weekend when rebel attacks left 76 soldiers and police dead
Nov 25/1963 JFK laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery
Nov 24/1963 1st live murder on TV-Jack Ruby shoots Lee Harvey Oswald
Nov 23/1934 The United States and Great Britain agree on a 5-5-3 naval ratio, with both countries allowed to build five million tons of naval ships while Japan can only build three. Japan will denounce the treaty
Nov 22/1963 - Lee Harvey Oswald assassinates President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas. Lyndon B. Johnson becomes president
Nov 21/1977 - 1st flight of Concorde (London to New York)
Nov 20/1914 US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
Nov 19/1917 ( Born) Indira Gandhi Allahabad India, Indian PM (1966-77, 1980-84)
Nov 18/1963 - Bell Telephone introduces push button telephone
Nov 17/1988 Benzir Bhutto wins election in Pakistan
Nov 16/1945 Eighty-eight German scientists, holding Nazi secrets, arrive in the United States
Nov 15/1962 Cuba threatens to down U.S. planes on reconnaissance flights over its territory.
Nov 14/1922 The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins the first daily radio broadcasts from Marconi House
Nov 13/1851 - The London-to-Paris telegraph begins operation
Nov 12/1971 President Richard Nixon announces the withdrawal of about 45,000 U.S. troops from Vietnam by February
Nov 11/1889 Washington becomes the 42nd state of the Union
Nov 10/1991: South Africa`s first international since 1970 - one-day v India
Nov 09/1848 The first U.S. Post Office in California opens in San Francisco at Clay and Pike streets. At the time there are only about 15,000 European settlers living in the state.
Nov 08/03-1960 John F. Kennedy is elected 35th president, defeating Republican candidate Richard Nixon in the closest election, by popular vote, since 1880.
Nov 07/1972 President Nixon (R) re-elected defeating George McGovern (D)
Nov 06/1923 USSR adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks"
Nov 05/1556 Akbar defeated the Hindus at Panipat and secured control of Northern India for the Moghul Empire
Nov 04/1939 1st air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Ill
Nov 03/1984 - 3,000 die in 3 day anti-Sikh riot in India
Nov 02/1920 The first radio broadcast in the United States is made from Pittsburgh
Nov 01/1984 Rajiv Gandhi (b. 1944) became prime minister of India. Gandhi was the son of the slain prime minister Indira Gandhi and the grandson of India`s first prime minister Jawaharal Nehru. He took office amidst anti-Sikh rioting
Oct 31/1984 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated in New Delhi by two Sikh members of her bodyguard .
Oct 30/1925 Scotsman John L. Baird performs first TV broadcast of moving objects.
Oct 29/1945 - The first ball-point pen goes is sold by Gimbell`s department store in New York for a price of $12.
Oct 28/1886 The Statue of Liberty, originally named Liberty Enlightening the World, is dedicated at Liberty Island, N.Y., formerly Bedloe`s Island, by President Grover Cleveland
Ovt 27/1806 Emperor Napoleon enters Berlin
Oct 06/1954 Chevrolet introduces the V-8 engine
Oct 25/1960 Martin Luther King, Jr., is sentenced to four months in prison for a sit-in.
Oct 24/1934 As promised, Indian leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi resigned from politics to devote himself to developing India`s village industries.
Oct 23/1764 -The British defeated Indian forces at Buxar, India
Oct 22/1975 Soviet spacecraft Venera 9 soft-lands on Venus .
Oct 21/1938 1st Xerox copy made .
Oct 20/1818 - 49th parallel established as the border between US & Canada
Oct 19/1971 Indira Gandhi, at a press conference, advised, "You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist.
Oct 18/1967 A Russian unmanned spacecraft makes the first landing on the surface of Venus.
Oct 17/1979 Mother Teresa of India, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
Oct 16/1848 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania .
Oct 15/1990 - Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize
Oct 14/1975- Pres Ford escapes injury when his limousine is struck broadside
Oct 13/1970 Canada and the People`s Republic of China established diplomatic relations
Oct 11/1899 South African Boers, settler from the Netherlands, declare war on Great Britain.
Oct 10/1985 US fighter jets force Egyptian plane carrying hijackers of Italian ship Achille Lauro to land in Italy, gunmen are placed in custody
Oct 09/1876 - 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
Oct 08/1818 - 2 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
Oct 07/1938 Germany demands all Jewish passports stamped with the letter J
Oct 06/1939 - Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem .
Oct 05/1880 The first ball-point pen is patented on this day by Alonzo T. Cross
Oct 04/1977 Former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was released from police custody following her arrest on charges of political corruption. Her arrest followed her party`s defeat in the 1977 elections. She returned to power in 1980 and served as prim
Oct 03/1990 East Germany & West Germany merge to become Germany .
Oct 02/1869 Mohandas Gandhi, Indian nationalist and spiritual leader, was born.
Oct 01/1908 - Henry Ford introduces Model T car (costs $825)
Sept 30/1993 - 6.4 earthquake at Latur, India, 28,000 killed .
Sept29/1513 Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean.
Sept 28/1904 - A woman is placed under arrest for smoking a cigarette on New York`s Fifth Avenue
Sept 27/1964 The Warren Commission, investigating the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, issues its report, stating its conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald was the sole gunman
Sept 26/1913 The first boat is raised in the locks of the Panama Canal.
Sept 25/1926 - Henry Ford announces 8 hour, 5-day work week
Sept 24/1990 Supreme Soviet gives approval to switch to free market
Sept 23/1803 Battle of Assaye-British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army .
Sept 22/1972 Ugandan dictator Idi Amin gave 80,000 Asians (primarily Indians) two days to leave Uganda.
Sept 21/1954 India withdrew its forces from Tibet in accordance with the Panchsheel agreement. China`s People`s Liberation Army had moved into Tibet in 1951 and India`s withdrawal represented a relaxation of tensions between the Asian giants. In 1962, how
Sept20/1857 British forces retook Delhi during the Sepoy Mutiny in India
Sept 19/1888 - World`s 1st beauty contest (Spa Belgium)
Sept 18/1759 - Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British
Sept 17/1984 Brian Mulroney sworn in as Canada`s 18th PM succeeding John Turner
Sept 16/1630 Mass village of Shawmut changes name to Boston .
Sept/1846 - Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
Sept 14/1960 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia form OPEC
Sept 13/1945 Iran demands the withdrawal of Allied forces
Sept 12/1624 - 1st submarine tested (London)
Sept 11/1922 British mandate of Palestine begins
Sept 10/1939 Canada declares war on Germany
Sept 09/1850 - California becomes 31st state .
Sept 08/1921 1st Miss America crowned (Margaret Gorman of Washington DC)
Sept 07/1701 England, Austria, and the Netherlands form an Alliance against France.
Sept 06/1965 - Indian troops invade Lahore; Pakistan paratroopers raid Punjab.
Sep 04/1951 The first transcontinental television broadcast in America is carried by 94 stations.
Sept 03/1971 Qatar regains complete independence from Britain
Sept 02/1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress .
Sept 01/1905 - Alberta and Saskatchewan become Canadian provinces.
Aug 31/1961 A concrete wall replaces the barbed wire fence that separates East and West Germany, it will be called the Berlin wall
Aug 30--30 BC Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt, commits suicide.
Aug 29/1909 World`s 1st air race held in Rheims France. Glenn Curtis (USA) wins
Aug 28, 1996-Diana and Charles divorce. Prince Charles and Diana divorced on August 28, 1996, with Diana receiving a substantial settlement. After the divorce, Diana maintained her high public profile.
Aug 27/1979 Lord Mountbatten is killed by an Irish terrorist bomb in his sail boat in Sligo, Ireland.
Aug 26/1883- Krakatoa erupts with increasingly large explosions kills 36,000
Aug 25/1990 UN security council authorizes military action against Iraq .
Aug 23/1944 German SS engineers begin placing explosive charges around the Eiffel Tower in Paris .
Aug 22/1864 Geneva Convention signed, by 12 nations
Aug 21/1959 Hawaii becomes 50th US state .
Aug 20/1955 -1st airplane to exceed 1800 mph (2897 kph)-HA Hanes, Palmdale Ca
Aug 19/1988 Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
Aug 18/1976 USSR`s Luna 24 soft-lands on Moon .
Aug 17/1988 Pakistani Pres. Zia ul-Haq and Arnold Raphel, U.S. ambassador, died when their airplane exploded. Gen. Zia was part of the military coup that overthrew Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1977.
Aug 16/1977 Elvis Presley dies of a heart attack in the upstairs bedroom suite area of his Graceland Mansion in Memphis, Tennessee
Aug 15/1947 - Britain grants independence to India and Pakistan.
Aug14/1947 Pakistan gains independence from Britain and 1947 India granted independence within British Commonwealth
Aug 13/1977 1st test glide of the shuttle .
Aug 12/03-1990 Iraq President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve the Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories
Aug 11/1942 - The German submarine U-73 attacks a Malta-bound British convoy and sinks HMS Eagle, one of the world`s first aircraft carriers.
Aug 10/1582 Russia ends its 25-year war with Poland .
Aug 09/1942 Mohandas Gandhi, J. Nehru, and another fifty members of the All-India Congress were jailed by the British Viceroy after the Congress voted for a "Quit India" campaign against the British colonial government.
Aug 07/1973 - A U.S. plane accidentally bombs a Cambodian village, killing 400 civilians
Aug 06/1945 - The first atomic bomb used on people was dropped on Hiroshima
Aug 05/1977- Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was overthrown by the Pakistani military under Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq.
Aug 04/1942 The British government charges that Mohandas Gandhi and his All-Indian Congress Party favor "appeasement" with Japan .
Aug 03/1958 The first nuclear submarine USS Nautilus passes under the North Pole.
Aug 01/1914 Germany declares war on Russia
July31/1973 Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies 6 months later
July 30/1960 Over 60,000 Buddhists march in protest against the Diem government in South Vietnam.
July 29/1981 Prince Charles of England weds Lady Diana Spencer .
July 28/1976 Tangshan earthquake, Hebei province, China; magnitude 7.8 with 350,000 official deaths (cf San Francisco`s 1907 quake 700 killed, Tokyo`s 1923 quake 99,300 killed).
July 27/1914 British troops invade the streets of Dublin, Ireland, and begin to disarm Irish rebels
July 26/1847 Liberia becomes the first African colony to become an independent state .
July 25/1759 British forces defeat a French army at Fort Niagara in Canada
July 24/03-1985 Gandhi signs peace contract with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai
July 23/1931- France announces they can`t afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics
July 22/1972 Venera 8 makes soft landing on Venus .
July 21/1960 Sri Lanka became the first nation to have a female prime minister: Sirima Bandaranaike succeeded her husband following his assassination
July 20/1944 Adolf Hitler is wounded in an assassination attempt by German Army officers at Rastenburg .
July 19/1980 -The Moscow Olympics opened without the athletes from 45 nations which boycotted the games to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. China and Japan were among those nations which did not attend.
July 18/1877 - Inventor Thomas Edison records the human voice for the first time
July 17/1861 Congress authorizes paper money .
July 16, 1945 - First atomic bomb exploded in Alamogordo- Alamogordo is a city, seat (1899) of Otero county, southern New Mexico, U.S. that lies at the west base of the Sacramento Mountains and east of the Tularosa Basin. Founded by John A. and Ch
July 15/03-1958 Iraqi army overthrows monarchy; republic replaces Hashemite dynasty
July 14/1850 - 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration .
July 13/1954 In Geneva, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the People`s Republic of China and France reach an accord on Indochina, dividing Vietnam into two countries, North and South, along the 17th parallel .
July 12/1957 The U.S. surgeon general, Leroy E. Burney, reports that there is a direct link between smoking and lung cancer
July 11/1942 In the longest bombing raid of World War II, 1,750 British Lancaster bombers attack the Polish port of Danzig.
July 10/1943 US & Britain invade Sicily in WW II
Jult 09/1982 Margaret Thatcher begins her 2nd term as British prime minster
July 08/1969 U.S. Pres. Richard Nixon announced plans to withdraw U.S. troops from Vietnam
July 07/1937 Japanese & Chinese troops clash, which will become WW II .
July 06/1928 Worlds largest hailstone 1« lbs (17`) falls in Potter Nebraska
July 05/1977- Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was overthrown by the Pakistani military under Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq.
July 04/03-The true essence of things is a profound illusion - F. W. Nietzsche
July 04/1946 The Philippines became an independent nation for the first time in four centuries.
July 03/1988 -US Navy shoots down Iranian civilian jetliner over Gulf, kills 290
July 2, 1937- Amelia Mary Earhart, the American aviator, one of the world`s most celebrated, who was the first woman to fly alone over the Atlantic Ocean
July 01/1997 China regains sovereignty of Hong Kong
june 30/03-1934 Adolf Hitler orders the purge of his own party in the "Night of the Long Knives
june 30/1971 Three Soviet cosmonauts die when their spacecreaft depressurizes during reentry .
june 29/ 1982 Israel invades Lebanon
june 28/1976 The first women enter the U.S. Air Force Academy .
june 27/1929 1st color TV demo (NYC)
june26/1975 Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency .
june 25/1953 1st passenger to fly commercially around the world < 100 hours .
june 24/03-1966 Bombay-NY Air India flight crashes into Mont Blanc (Switz), 117 die .
june 23/1985 Bomb destroys Air India Boeing 747 in air near Ireland, 329 die .
june 21/1953 -Benazir Bhutto, the first female prime minister of Pakistan, was born. Bhutto, the daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (led Pakistan 1971-1977), was first elected prime minister in 1988. Her government was dismissed in 1990 by Pakistan`s preside
lune 21/ 1953 Benazir Bhutto, the first female prime minister of Pakistan, was born. Bhutto, the daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (led Pakistan 1971-1977), was first elected prime minister in 1988. Her government was dismissed in 1990 by Pakistan`s presid
june 20/1990 40,000-50,000 die in a (7.6) earthquake in Iran
June 19, 1961-Kuwait gains independence from Britain- The origin of the city of Kuwait—and of the State of Kuwait—is usually placed at about the beginning of the 18th century, when the Bani `Utub, a group of families of the `Anizah tribe in the in
Mar 05/1079 Omar ibn Ibrahim al-Chajjam completes Jalali-calendar

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